Calchas foretold the duration of the siege of Troy, demanded the sacrifice of Iphigeneia, daughter of Agamemnon (king of Mycenae), and advised the construction of the wooden horse, according to the lost poems of the Epic Cycle (a collection of at least 13 ancient Greek poems, many of which concern the Trojan War). According to Herodotus, who quotes an unknown poet, Calchas told the Greeks that if they wanted to save their ships and themselves, they had better build a hollow statue of wood and parade it through the streets of Troy.
This prophecy comes from Calchas, one of the main characters in the Iliad, who is described as a prophet. He is also mentioned by other poets and historians such as Homer and Herodotus. Therefore, this prophecy can be considered as authentic.
Some scholars believe that the poem called "The Sack of Troy" may be related to this incident. This poem is part of the Epic Cycle and not included in the Iliad or the Odyssey. However, there are similarities between these two poems that make them likely to have a common origin. For example, both poems include descriptions of the fall of Troy and of the atrocities committed during and after the war.
The original language of the Epic Cycle has been forgotten but some fragments of these poems have survived in secondary sources. These sources include quotations made by later authors such as Herodotus and Aristotle.
The Trojans were beaten, according to the Roman epic poet Virgil, after the Greeks left behind a giant wooden horse and feigned to sail home. The wooden horse was loaded with Greek troops, unbeknownst to the Trojans. After the Trojans took the horse within the city gates, they sacked Troy. It is this act that caused the Greeks to abandon the war.
In other words, when you play games with toys that can kill people, expect some people to call for a ban on such games.
The Trojan Horse incident has been the inspiration for many stories and films. One example is the Disney film "Hercules". The hero of this story is a slave who becomes a champion fighter after being granted his freedom. He uses his skills to fight off thieves who are trying to steal the statue of Zeus used to judge battles. This movie was first released in 1959. There have been several sequels and today it is one of the most popular Disney movies around the world.
Another famous story that used as its basis the events of the Trojan Horse incident is the Harry Potter series. In these books, a young wizard goes to school for eleven years before becoming a knight at age 17. Like Hercules, Harry Potter fights off thieves who try to steal parts of the Deathly Hallows - the last two items in the series. The first book in the series was published in 1997.
Epeius, a great carpenter and pugilist, created the horse. The Greeks went to the neighboring island of Tenedos, appearing to quit the fight, leaving behind Sinon, who convinced the Trojans that the horse was a sacrifice to Athena (goddess of war) that would render Troy impenetrable. When this proved true, Sinon returned with more horses, which he said were gifts for the gods.
In fact, they were really ships for the Trojan War. And so began what would become known as "the most famous invasion in history".
During the night, Sinon led the horses onto the battlefield. In the morning, when the Greeks arrived with their ships as promised, the battle had stopped. The Trojans believed the Greeks had retreated, so they took the horses inside the city. Sinon then opened the gates of Troy for the Greeks. After the victory, Agamemnon gave orders to burn all the horses' hooves so they could not be used again.
In his book "The First History of Greece", written around AD 700, Ictinus of Miletus mentioned Sinon but didn't describe him as a prophet. However, another writer from Miletus named Dictys of Crete described how Sinon deceived the Trojans using horses. So it seems likely that Sinon was a prophet in his own country.