Gaius The Third Epistle of John was addressed to Gaius, a devout member of the Church whom John complimented for his selfless commitment to Christ's cause by giving lodging for God's traveling servants (see 3 John 1:5-8). It is possible that Gaius was also the author of the letter.
3 John provides some insight into the situation in Asia Minor at this time. John wrote this letter from prison, likely in Ephesus, where he may have been arrested for his faith in Jesus. He probably spent most of his time in prison waiting for trial and/ umpteen appeals processes to run their course before being put to death by crucifixion. During these years, it is believed that he encouraged other Christians to continue faithful to Christ even in the face of severe persecution.
In 3 John 1:4-9 we are told that "everyone who loves me will keep my word, and my word will never fail" (NIV). In other words, those who remain loyal to Christ during times of persecution will be given eternal life through His resurrection from the dead. Conversely, those who refuse to love Him after seeing His good deeds followed by His death on the cross will die without hope of salvation.
It is interesting to note that nowhere in 3 John does John mention Jesus by name.
Whereas 2 John is addressed to the church, 3 John is addressed to three individuals: Gaius (1), the recipient of the letter; Diotrephes (9), a church troublemaker; and Demetrius (12), the one conveying the message to Gaius. These men were likely members of the church in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey).
The first epistle of John was probably written around A.D. 90 by an elder named John whose name has been changed by Christians to "John the Elder" or "John the Apostle." His identity as the author of this letter has always been assumed by early Christians but has never been explicitly stated in the text itself. The second epistle of John was also written by the same apostle around A.D. 110. He begins this letter by saying that he is "your brother," which would indicate that he was not the founder of the church but instead came after someone else who may have been its founder. Although he was surely an important leader in the church, no other information about him is known.
He too began his letter with the greeting, "Beloved," which indicates that they were friends or colleagues who had recently met.
This letter was written by the apostle John. He also penned the books 1 and 2 John. When he wrote to his buddy Gaius, he addressed himself as "the elder." An elder was a guy who served as a church leader. Every church has its own set of leaders. The apostles were the church's overall leaders. As a result, John wrote to Gaius as the *elder.
John was born in Ephesus around A.D. 64 or 65. He had many things in common with Jesus. They were both Jews from Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) who spoke Greek rather than Hebrew as their first language. Both men were highly regarded by their followers and sent by God to preach repentance and follow Christ.
Like Jesus, John was crucified by the government officials of Rome. He was imprisoned for a few years before being released. Then he traveled around Asia Minor (in present-day Turkey) preaching the good news about Jesus.
During this time, other Christians began writing letters to people all over the world. These early Christians believed that it was important for others to know about Jesus, so they wrote letters telling their stories and explaining what Christianity is all about. One of these letters is called 1 John.
Two other authors named John are mentioned in the New Testament. One was the apostle John and the other was a friend of the apostle Paul. They both came from Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) and knew each other well. It's possible that they were brothers.
John's First Epistle: The earliest surviving document written by John, the Apostle of Christ.
It is dated "from Laodicea in Lycia" (modern-day Turkey).
According to tradition, this epistle was written by John, who was a disciple and companion of Jesus during his ministry on earth. This letter was probably written about A.D. 95. Although it does not contain any direct reference to Jesus' earthly life, it certainly reflects events that occurred during that period. The NIV Bible notes say this about the content of the book: "This is what was written by John, one of Jesus' disciples:..."
In addition to being the first book of the New Testament, this is also considered John's Gospel because it tells us about Jesus' ministry. It starts off with the story of Jesus' baptism by John the Baptist and then continues with many things that happen throughout Judea where Jesus is preaching the message of repentance and baptism that leads up to the great event - His death on the cross. From there, the book goes on to tell about Jesus' resurrection and appearances to His followers before He ascended into heaven.