In literature, the "Lost Generation" refers to a collection of male and female authors and poets from this time period. All were Americans, but some had moved to Europe. Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and T. S. Eliot were among the most prominent members. They are called the "lost generation" because they missed out on World War I, which killed many young men.
Eliot is considered the father of modernism in poetry. His works, including The Waste Land and Four Quartets, are characterized by their use of free verse, ambiguity, and irony.
Hemingway's work often included violent scenes with male characters who were usually drunk or high on drugs. This was typical of the genre known as "hard-boiled fiction", which gained popularity after the war. Hard-boiled fiction typically involved crime, violence, and cynicism towards society at large.
Fitzgerald was one of the first American writers to be appreciated internationally. He is best known for his short stories, particularly The Great Gatsby, which has been interpreted as a commentary on American culture during the transition from the Victorian era to the Roaring Twenties.
Stein and Hemingway lived in Paris, while Fitzgerald remained in America. All four were associated with the so-called "terrible twos", an early 1960s literary movement that arose out of dissatisfaction with contemporary American literature.
The Lost Generation writers exposed the sleazy, frivolous lives of the young and independently rich in the postwar years. Many were drawn to writing because there was no other way to make a living.
Some of the most famous writers of the generation are Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Ezra Pound. All three were influential in their own right but also had a major impact on later generations of writers.
Hemingway's sparse, unadorned style is characterized by its conversational tone and lack of subjunctive mood. His simple, straightforward sentences reflect his interest in pure experience and his rejection of literary theory. Although he was born in 1899 and died in 1961, many of his works were published after his death. For example, The Old Man and the Sea, which won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962, was written by Hemingway in 1953-54.
Fitzgerald's short stories and novels deal with the fast life in America during the 1920s and 1930s. Like Hemingway, he was interested in simple things such as fishing, hunting, and drinking with friends.
The Lost Generation was a group of American writers who came of age during World War I and went on to create literary careers in the 1920s. Fitzgerald, John Dos Passos, E.E. Cummings, Archibald MacLeish, Hart Crane, and many other authors who made Paris their creative home in the 1920s. They are often called the "celebrated generation" because of their fame at the time they were writing about America's involvement in World War I.
Dos Passos was born in 1876 into a wealthy family in Massachusetts. He began publishing articles at an early age, and after graduating from Harvard University, he traveled Europe for a year before returning to write more articles. In 1902, he moved to New York City where he became involved with left-wing politics and journalism. Two years later, he met F. Scott Fitzgerald at a party and became one of his most important critics. In 1906, he married well-to-do society woman Eleanor Blount, and together they had three children. In 1919, after several unsuccessful attempts, Dos Passes finally gained recognition when his novel U.S.A. was published to great acclaim. The following year, he traveled to Russia as a correspondent for several newspapers including the New York Herald Tribune and the London Daily Express. Upon his return to America, he wrote two more books about his experiences in Russia.
In 1924, after divorcing his first wife, Dos Passes married novelist Josephine Herbst.
The term "Lost Generation" refers to a group of artists and authors who were the brightest and most blooming of American creative brilliance to have generated thus far, and who established themselves as writers during the 1920s. These men and women had found their voices at a time when there was great opportunity for them to be heard, but also when many barriers stood in their way. They were young, often single, usually from middle-class or aristocratic families, and mostly living in New York City.
The Lost Generation's most famous members include Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Gertrude Stein. All were born within a few years of each other and all died before they reached 40. Although they came from different backgrounds, they shared an interest in bullfighting and sports cars, and played golf together. Most known for their short stories and novels, they all worked hard and spent much of their time in bars or nightclubs. This hedonistic lifestyle seemed to suit them well since it is believed that all of them were gay.
Another member of this legendary group is Joseph Cornell. He was a self-taught artist who loved collecting old books and toys and who spent most of his time making mysterious boxes full of hidden treasures. In 1926, he created one such box called The Fairy Ring, which was sold at auction last year for over $1 million.