Antonio Machado, full name Antonio Cipriano Jose Maria y Francisco de Santa Ana Machado y Ruiz (26 July 1875–22 February 1939), was a Spanish poet and one of the leaders of the Generation of '98 literary movement. A member of both the Italian and French branches of the Machado family, he was born in Madrid but spent most of his life in France.
He began writing poetry at an early age and became involved in the Generación del '98 movement with other young poets such as José María de Heredia, Claudio Guillén, and Ramón Gómez de la Serna. In 1897, Machado went to Italy for health reasons and was deeply influenced by the poetry of Dante and Petrarch. When he returned to France two years later, he joined the army and served during the Rif War in Morocco. After his discharge, he devoted himself to writing again and published several books including El Grillo (The Buzz) in 1903. This was followed by many others over the next few decades, most notably Los Pájaros (The Birds) in 1911 and La Ballada de los Ángeles y el Demonio (The Battle of the Angels and the Devils) in 1925. By this time, Machado had become one of the most important poets of his time and was widely regarded as Spain's national poet.
He was born at Palacio de las Duenas, on his family's rural home, in 1875. Machado came to Madrid with his family when he was a toddler, where his father had gotten a position. After Machado's father died unexpectedly in 1893, the family's financial situation deteriorated.
From Spanish and Portuguese: machado "hatchet" (a derivation of Macho 2), most likely a nickname, but also a habitational name, as this word is also a typical constituent of place names. What is the origin of the Machado family? By selecting various census years, you can observe how the Machado family changed through time. There are two main branches of the family: one in Portugal and another in Spain. The original immigrant to America was Bartolomeu de Castro, who arrived in South Carolina in 1733. He married Ana Maria Machado, whose parents were immigrants from Spain. The couple had six children. The first to arrive in Maryland was Manuel Machado, who was born in 1766. He married Maria Cepeda, and they had nine children. Next came Bartolomeu Jr., who was born in 1768 in South Carolina. He too married a Mexican woman named María Guadalupe Cepeda. They had eight children.
Bartolomeu de Castro went on to have more children with his American wife. Here are the rest of the members of the family: Josefa, Maria, Ignacia, Ana, Teresa, Joana, Catarina, and Francisco.
The family first appears in America in the 1730s. By then, the surname was already established in Portugal and Spain. So it's very possible that it was given as a form of address or as a nickname.
Antonio Jose de Sucre, full name Antonio Jose de Sucre Alcala, (born February 3, 1795, in Cumana, New Granada [now in Venezuela]—died June 4, 1830, in Berruecos, Gran Colombia [now in Colombia]), liberator of Ecuador and Peru, and one of the most respected leaders of Latin America's wars for independence from Spain. Sucre is best known as the first president of Bolivia. He has been called the "Apostle of South American Independence" for his role in leading two of Europe's largest armies against each other while struggling to win independence for his own country.
Sucre was born into an aristocratic family that had migrated from Spain to New Granada (present-day Colombia). His father was a wealthy landowner who also served as a government official. When he was only nine years old, his father died, leaving him with responsibility for running the family estate. This caused Sucre to leave school and work at building bridges, canals, and roads on his land until he was twenty-one.
In 1816, when New Granada declared its independence from Spain, Sucre joined the war effort as a colonel under the command of Simon Bolivar, the leader of Venezuela's independence movement. During the next four years, he fought in many battles against the Spanish army, earning recognition as one of the leading generals of the revolution.
Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our professional network to earn worldwide exposure for your work! Octavio Paz (born March 31, 1914 in Mexico City, Mexico —died April 19, 1998 in Mexico City) was a Mexican poet, novelist, and diplomat who was widely regarded as one of the twentieth century's most important Latin American writers. A member of the modern generation of Mexican poets, he helped to establish a formal style of language use among his peers.
His works include _The Labyrinth of Solitude_, which won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1978; _México en Largo_ (Mexico in Long Poems), a collection of twenty-one long poems published between 1955 and 1979; and _El Quijote de la Mancha_ (The Man of La Mancha). He also edited several journals and was an influential figure in the development of Mexican academia.
In addition to his poetry, essays, and reviews, Paz wrote three novels: _The Maximus Poem_, which examines the relationship between history and memory; _ The Time of Our Lives_, which focuses on the effects of technology on young people; and _ The Butterfly's Tail_, which tells the story of a young man's search for identity while living in both Mexico and Europe.
Paz was appointed minister plenipotentiary to India by President Luis Echeverría in 1976 and served until 1980.