His father, Stefan George, was a wine trader and innkeeper, while his mother, Eva (née Schmitt), was a housewife. His education was completed successfully in 1888, after which he spent time in London and Paris, where he was among the intellectuals and artists who frequented the poet Stephane Mallarme's Tuesday soirees. Returning to Germany, he worked as an editor for a newspaper and published several books of poetry, but had little success with them.
During this time, he met Anna Kallina, with whom he had three children. She died when their first child, a son, also named Stefan, was only four years old. After this loss, George decided to devote himself fully to writing and left his job. In 1894, he married again, this time to Hedwig Mutschmann, another young woman from a well-off family. They had two more children together before divorcing in 1907. In 1908, he married for the third time, this time to Elfriede Petry, a young widow with two small children. They had one more child together before separating in 1924. After this last marriage ended in divorce, George returned to his first wife, Anna Kallina. They had a daughter together before her death in 1930 at the age of 29.
George was an influential figure in German literature during the early twentieth century. His work was revolutionary because it broke away from traditional forms and experimented with new ways of expressing thoughts and feelings.
Pierre de Ronsard, a French Renaissance poet, attended the College de Navarre in Paris. He worked as a page for the Duke of Orleans and King James V of Scotland. He studied Greek at the College of Coqueret with the renowned scholar Daurat after nearly losing his hearing in 1541. Returning to France, he became secretary to Charles IX and Henri III and later served as ambassador to England and Spain. He was awarded two royal pensions--one for life and another for his son who died in childhood. He married Marie Boulainviller in 1554 and had three children.
Ronsard is most famous for his exquisite poetry which includes sonnets, odes, and other forms. His work pre-dating that of Shakespeare by about fifteen years made him one of the leading poets of his time. He also played an important role in the early development of French prose through his translations from the Latin and his original works in this genre. He died in 1585 at the age of 46.
Even though he was only born eight years after Shakespeare, Ronsard has always been regarded as his superior because of his unique style of writing which influenced Shakespeare greatly. He is now considered one of the founders of modern French poetry.
Some of his best-known poems are: "Ode to Beauty"', '"Ode to Music", and '"Ode to Pleasure".
(c. 1230-1309), (French Maitre Jacques de Saint-Georges), (Old French Mestre Jaks), (Latin Magistro Jacobo de Sancto Georgio), was a Savoy master of works/architect identified as "one of the finest architects of the European Middle Ages" by historian Marc Morris. He was also called Maître Jakobus or Jacobus.
James was born in Turin about 1230, the son of an imperial notary. He was educated at the University of Paris and became a member of the faculty of theology there. In 1260 he was made chancellor of the university and in 1264 he became dean of the law school. In 1267 he was appointed chief minister to the king of France, Louis IX. The post involved supervision of royal buildings and repairs to churches and other monuments. It also required travel throughout France, so it is not surprising that James obtained the nickname "the wandering scholar".
In 1279 King Charles II of Naples commissioned him to build a new city on the bay of Naples. This was to be called Neapolis or New Troy. The project was not completed, but parts of it can still be seen today. Around 1304 James built a church for himself in the new city. It has been suggested that this was his final work because he died soon after its completion. However, it has also been said that he lived another twenty years after this event.
Before Daniel Day-Lewis was being hailed as one of the best in his business, his father, Cecil Day-Lewis, was doing the same in his own industry: poetry. The elder Day-Lewis was considered one of the leading poets of his time and was appointed Poet Laureate of Britain in 1968. He also wrote several books of poems, one of which, The Homing Voice, won the Queen's Prize at the 1957 London Festival.
Cecil Day-Lewis made his first attempt at writing a novel when his son was only nine years old. He sent him to France with a suitcase full of money to buy words. Daniel Day-Lewis spent three months in a French hotel writing the novel that would later become My Left Foot, which was published when he was 11 years old. His father then hired someone else to write and publish another book by him so he could keep earning money.
When Daniel was 14 years old, his father decided to send him to private schools in Europe for eight months of the year and to study literature at Oxford University during the remaining months. This allowed him to explore different cultures and make friends with other young artists.
During these years, Cecil Day-Lewis continued to write books, including a collection of poems called A Boy in Winter, which was published when Daniel was 20 years old. It was here that he revealed he had been suffering from Parkinson's disease since he was 40 years old.