Rajmohan's Wife was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (1838–1844) and published in 1864; it is the first Indian book written in English. Before this no Indian had ever written a book in any language.
Bankim Chandra Chatterji was born on 4 April 1838 in Calcutta. His father was an attorney who also wrote poems and novels, which made him interested in writing from a young age. He married Rajmahanati in 1863 and had a son named Pradyot. In 1864 he died at the young age of 36. Even though his novel was not very successful at the time of its release, it has since then become a classic of Indian literature.
In addition to his novel Bankim Chandra wrote essays, letters, poems, and plays - all in Bengali. He was also involved in politics and was one of the main leaders of the movement for independent India. He worked towards creating a separate country called Brahmanchaitanya (Bengal) out of part of British-ruled India.
Here are some of Bankim's famous quotes: "Writing is my religion." "A writer should have the mind of a poet and the heart of a philosopher."
Satthianadhan Krupabai Krupabai Satthianadhan (1862–1894) was India's first female author to write in English. Despite her origins in the Bombay Presidency, she found and honed her literary skills in Madras. She published two books during her lifetime: A Literary Diary in 1892 and Poems in 1893.
Krupabai was born into a wealthy family in Mumbai. Her father was Karamchand Satthianadhan, an eminent lawyer who served as the public prosecutor at the trial of Dr. M.G. Ranade, one of the founders of modern Mumbai. He died when Krupabai was only eight years old. She was educated at home by private tutors and developed an interest in reading from an early age. When she was 16 years old, she wrote to the University of Oxford seeking admission but was refused on the grounds that women did not have the mental capacity to study philosophy or science. This failure did not discourage her from writing and publishing poems later in life. She married Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a famous social reformer who pioneered the movement for civil rights in India. The couple had three children together - a son and two daughters. They were not happy with their marriage and separated in 1879. Krupabai moved with her children to Madras where they lived on Raja Ram Mohan Roy's pension until his death in 1883.
Srinivas Das of Delhi, also known as Pariksha-Guru, wrote the first contemporary Hindi book (1882). This novel's focus was the mindless imitation of Western civilization, and it advocated for the preservation of traditional culture. Another work by Devaki Nandan Khatri, Chandrakanta, helped popularize Hindi. It was an immediate success and has never been out of print since its publication in 1883.
Das was born into a family of teachers and had studied under several masters. He worked as a teacher in several schools before starting his own school in 1890. In 1892, he published his first novel titled Srinivas Charitra which means "The Life Story of Srinivasa". This novel was very successful and was followed by another seven novels over the next few years. In 1898, Das quit teaching to write full time.
With the onset of modernity in India, many Indian writers started writing in English instead of Hindi or other regional languages. Only a few, like Das, continued to write in Hindi. The future of this language was thought to be limited to literature because there were no longer any requirements for students to know how to read or write Hindi. However, due to the efforts of many writers over the years, Hindi has resurged as an important language again.
Today, many Indians are being exposed to different cultures through television, movies, and music.
Mrs. Rajmohan Malhotra's Mrs. Collet's Diary; or, A Young Lady's Diary published in 1828 is considered to be the first Indian novel written in the English language.
It was written by one of the first Indians to receive an education in Europe. His name was Manohar Singh Malhi (1788-1868). He was born into a wealthy family in what is now Pakistan but at that time belonged to the British Empire. When he was only nine years old his father died and two years later his mother too passed away. This is why he had to leave England after finishing school to take over the running of their large estate. He did this successfully for several years until the Indian Mutiny broke out in 1857. Then he joined the army as a captain and fought against the rebels for three years. After the war he returned home and married Anandamayi Ma (her surname changed to Malhotra after her marriage), who was also from a rich family. They had two children: a son named Harilal and a daughter named Radhabai. Two years after their wedding Anandamayi Ma died at the age of 36.
8 Notable Indian Authors You Should Read
Rabindranath Tagore This was my first encounter with an Indian author. I was quite surprised to learn that he had written so many books. He was a poet, artist, and musician too! His works include novels, essays, poems, songs, plays, and stories. He wrote in English but also translated some of his own work into Bengali.
He was born on April 24, 1861 in Calcutta (now Kolkata), West Bengal. His father was a government official who later became director of schools for West Bengal. Young Rabindranath went to school in India and Europe. When he returned to India, he started a literary magazine with friends as its editor. This inspired him to write more himself.
His first collection of poems was published in 1883 at the age of twenty. Over the next few years, he published several other collections of poetry. In 1888, he married to "a beautiful young widow", Sujata ("Sunita") Devi. She came from a wealthy family and they met when she visited her brother's house where he lived with his wife and three children. The couple loved each other very much and had two more children.