Through their deft interweaving of reason and lunacy, creepy atmosphere and everyday life, Hoffmann and the American writer Edgar Allan Poe elevated the mystery narrative far above mere amusement. Both men were influenced by Classical Antiquity and its myths and legends. However, while Hoffmann's stories are very much products of their time, when reality was still seen as the ultimate arbiter of truth, Poe brought an aura of timelessness to his mysteries through ideas such as implicity, ambiguity, and disproportion.
Hoffmann wrote seven novels between 1777 and 1814. They were first published in book form from 1815-1816 with some interruptions for he became an official court reporter at this time. Hoffmann's work is recognized as one of the precursors of modern crime fiction.
Poe wrote eight dark tales between 1829 and 1849. He wanted them to be read but not necessarily bought by readers. His goal was to provoke in them emotions that would stay with the reader after they closed the book. Like Hoffmann's stories, these tales have been widely influential.
Both authors are considered important figures in the development of the detective story as we know it today. Their works can be read online free of charge at many websites.
Poems by Edgar Allan Poe are credited with creating the modern-day detective story. However, Poe's true ambition was to be remembered for his poems, not his short stories.
Poe's efforts to promote himself as a poet were not successful; instead, he became known as the father of the detective story. He started publishing tales in 1841 and continued until his death in 1849. During that time, he published six volumes of poems and two more volumes of short stories. His work has had a lasting influence on writers around the world.
Poe was born on April 19th, 1746 in Boston, Massachusetts. His parents moved to Richmond when he was only five years old because his father got a job at the University of Virginia. He showed an interest in writing from an early age and taught himself how to write poetry. In 1775, at the age of twenty-one, he wrote his first collection of poems titled "The Raven and Other Poems." It wasn't until seven years later that he published another collection called "Al Aaraaf, Tanta Rasa, or The Pearlfisher".
"The Murders in the Rue Morgue." New York Times (November 3, 1841).
Detective stories emerged on the American scene in the mid-19th century. The first known example of its kind was "The Mystery of Marie Roget" by Edgar Allan Poe. It was published in 1842 in The Philadelphia Quarterly Review.
Poe was an accomplished writer of both poetry and short stories. He also worked as a police inspector for the city of Baltimore. In this role, he came across several cases that reminded him of crimes that had occurred years earlier in France where he had vacationed. Inspired by these cases, he wrote "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" which became one of his most famous poems and stories. It tells the tale of two scientists who study the blood stains on a street in Paris and discover that each is related to one of the murders. They think it might be a clue to find the killer but the police believe otherwise.
Detective stories have been popular ever since they were first invented.
In 1837, Nathaniel Hawthorne released the first section of his Twice-Told Tales. Between 1832 and 1849, Edgar Allan Poe produced his stories of mystery and imagination. Poe is sometimes credited (by historians such as M. H. Abrams) with creating the short tale as a literary form. However, he never defined it and many critics believe that Hawthorne was the first writer to use this technique successfully.
Hawthorne's tales were based on events from his own life; they included references to politicians such as Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, to celebrities such as Herman Melville and William Cullen Bryant, and to people of influence such as Jonathan Huller and Thomas Manning. Although some of these stories had appeared in newspapers, none had been published before together in a book. The idea for the collection came to Hawthorne while he was staying with friends in Salem, Massachusetts. He decided to include stories that had been told to him by others, adding new endings to some of them in order to make them fit into 4 sections.
Poe wrote about 25 short stories between 1829 and 1847. Many of them were not published during his lifetime; those that were are now considered classics of mystery, science fiction, and fantasy. Like Hawthorne, Poe used personal experiences as sources for his stories. Often he would take incidents from his own life and turn them into fiction. His work influenced other writers such as Mark Twain and H. G. Wells.
When he published "The Murders in the Rue Morgue," Edgar Allan Poe established a new literary genre. Despite the fact that mysteries were not a new literary genre, Poe was the first to establish a character that solved the mystery by evaluating the facts of the case. Before Poe, writers usually presented their stories without explaining how the characters arrived at their conclusions; as a result, readers were often left wondering what really happened in the story.
Mystery stories are stories where everything is not exactly what it seems. The reader does not know who or what committed the crime until the end of the story. In order to solve the mystery, the protagonist needs evidence that can help determine the truth about the matter. For example, in "A Murder Was Committed" by Agatha Christie, everyone believes that Mrs. Van Hopper's death was an accident. However, there is evidence that suggests otherwise: a broken lamp, signs of struggle, and blood stains on her clothing. Therefore, Mrs. Van Hopper must have been murdered.
Mystery stories were first used in literature in the late 18th century. The first known use of the term "mystery story" was in 1798 when John Nichols described Arthur Murphy's "Poetical Mysteries" as such.
Poe was the first to use this type of story extensively in his work.