Mughal Princess Gulbadan Begum wrote Humayun Nama. At the time, she was a well-educated lady. Gulbadan Begum was the Mughal king Babur's youngest daughter. Humayun Nama was written when she was eight years old. The book contains an account of the life of the first Mughal emperor, Humayun.
Gulbadan Begum was born in 1549. She grew up in India and later in Turkey where her father had been appointed as governor by the Mughal emperor Babur. When Gulbadan was only eight years old, her father died. After her father's death, she returned to Istanbul with her mother. Here, she married her cousin Prince Khudabakhsh, who was nine years older than her. He was also interested in writing and literature. Together, they wrote many books about history and stories from ancient times until today. One of these books is called "Humayun Nama".
In 1556, after some years of marriage, Gulbadan Begum gave birth to a son. Her husband was appointed as ambassador to China but he did not leave for that country yet because there was still war between Russia and Japan over control of Siberia. So, he stayed in Istanbul to represent his wife while she took care of their son.
Begum Gulbadan Gulbadan Begum (about 1523–7 February 1603) was a Mughal princess and the daughter of Emperor Babur, the Mughal Empire's founder. She is most known for writing Humayun-Nama, a biography of her half-brother, Emperor Humayun, at the request of her nephew, Emperor Akbar. The book was written in Persian, but since Emperor Akbar also wanted to know about Humayun's life, Begum Gulbadan Gulbadan Begum asked her secretary Abu'l Fazl ibn Mubarak to translate it from the original Turkish into Hindi so that she could write back to him.
She was born in Kabul and raised in Iran, where her father had been appointed as governor by his uncle, Sultan Murad. In 1538, when she was only nine years old, her family moved to India, where they were given important posts by Emperor Babur. Two years later, when her father died, she and her mother went back to Iran, where her maternal aunt was appointed as ruler by her father. When she was 12, her mother died too. Thereafter, she stayed with her brother until he was killed by an Afghan slave who had been ordered to do so by his jealous wife, Bibi Khanom Shahi. After this incident, she decided to move back to India, where she lived in retirement for the rest of her life.
Gulbadan Begum (about 1523–7 February 1603) was a Mughal princess and the daughter of Emperor Babur, the Mughal Empire's founder. The book is considered one of the greatest works of Indian literature and has been described as "a veritable treasure house of information regarding ancient India."
Humayun was born in Kabul to Babur's daughter Bibi Shirin and his son Ibrahim. He had two siblings: a sister named Maham Anga who died in childhood and a brother named Qasim Khan who later became the next emperor, Bahadur Shah I. When Qasim was five years old, his father died and was replaced by Abu Sa'id Mirza as the new emperor. At age nine, he was made commander of an army which he led against his uncle Abu Sa'id but was defeated. After his recovery, he was given more responsibility and eventually made governor of Punjab at age 20. Two years later, his uncle was killed during a rebellion and Humayun was appointed ruler of the empire as its fifth emperor. During his reign, he conquered much of South Asia and carried out many public works projects such as building roads, canals, and bridges. He also tried to improve relations with other religions by ordering the conversion of several thousand Hindus to Islam and even constructed a Hindu temple on the outskirts of Delhi.
Humayun Nama is a biography of Humayun, the second Mughal emperor. Humayun was Babur's son, and he succeeded him as Mughal ruler of India from roughly 1530 until 1556. She arrived to Agra under the guise of seeing her nephew Akbar, who had ascended to the throne after Humayun's death. However, she actually came to Agra to seek revenge for the death of her husband. This book tells about her life before and after her marriage.
In addition to his other achievements, Humayun also restored peace with Afghanistan and concluded a treaty with Turkey. He also built several mosques and charitable institutions during his reign.
The book was written by Abu'l Fazl ibn Mubarak (1571-1667), who was an official under both Jahangir and Shah Jahan. He was also a close friend of Humayun. Abu'l Fazl wrote this book after Humayun's death to justify his actions as an emperor.
Abu'l Fazl began writing the book when he was only 30 years old. The first part of the book covers Humayun's early life up to the time of his marriage. The next part describes his efforts at unification of India. The last part discusses his military campaigns and other works.
This book has been very influential in establishing Humayun's reputation as an excellent emperor.
Complete, Step-by-Step Solution The book Humayun Nama was written during Humayun's reign, when it was common for Mughal kings to commission scribes to do the same. The author of this book was undoubtedly one of his courtiers - perhaps even himself a former king - who wished to preserve his memories for future generations.
Humayun was only 16 years old when he became emperor. He had been educated by his father in politics and warfare, and they had become good friends while Babur was still alive. When Babur died, Humayun deeply grieved over his death and wanted to pursue a military career like him, but after some time he realized that this was not possible because he was only a young boy. So he married Chanchal Bai, who was already old enough to be his mother, in order to fulfill his father's will and secure his own throne. However, due to some misunderstandings between them, their marriage was not very successful and they often fought with each other.
During his reign, Humayun went to great lengths to improve the living standards of his people. He built hundreds of schools for girls to educate them and give them jobs outside the home, which was usually reserved for men. He also created many hospitals for poor patients free of charge.
Humayun was the second Mughal king of the Indian subcontinent, ruling over what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northern India. He was Babur's son and successor as the founder of the Mughal empire. At the age of 23, he was crowned Mughal Emperor. However, within five years, he was defeated and killed by Afghan warrior Shah Shuja at the Battle of Tarain.
In a few short years, Humayun managed to unite most of the former kingdoms of the Indian Subcontinent under his rule, making him one of the most successful military leaders in history. He reformed government institutions, promoted education for women, and built many public works projects. His reign also saw the beginning of the end for the power of the slave trade in India.
After conquering much of the Indian Subcontinent, including modern-day Pakistan and Bangladesh, he turned his attention to expanding into Asia. In 1555, he invaded Sri Lanka, where he captured the city of Colombo and destroyed its temple complex to prevent it from being rebuilt by others. He then returned home to prepare for an invasion into Indonesia. However, due to internal strife within the empire, he was only able to lead an army into Afghanistan before he was assassinated by two of his own generals.