Thebes Information Homer, the Greek poet, wrote of Thebes' prosperity in The Iliad. Mentuhotep II (2061–2010 B.C.) built Thebes as a prosperous metropolis and stabilized the region. The ancient Egyptians referred to it as the "City of the Was"—a "was" was a long rod with an animal head and a forked base. It may have been used as a symbol of authority or power.
Homer's description of Thebes's wealth and power makes it clear that this was a city where kings and princes came to seek honor and renown in battle. Its people were so proud of their heritage that they didn't want outsiders watching their rituals or judging their practices by European standards. They believed that if a mortal man watched them sacrifice he would become arrogant and think himself worthy of making offerings to the gods.
In other words, Thebes was a city full of heroes who had no use for weaklings. If you were brave and strong you could make your mark on the world there. If you weren't, then you'd better stay out of sight because nobody would want you around.
King Theseus of Athens decided to put his faith in strength instead of wisdom and sent ambassadors to Thebes to ask for the hand in marriage of Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons. When the Theseans arrived at the Amazon camp they were shocked at how beautiful King Hippolyta was and she was intrigued by these strange men.
Thebes was well-known in Greek mythology and literature. It is famous for being the birthplace of the Greek hero Hercules and for playing an important role in the legends of Oedipus and Dionysus. Pindar, the most famous Greek poet of the day, also resided at Thebes. The city is best remembered today for its contribution to ancient civilization with evidence of a large stone fortress, tombs, and temples dating back to the 13th century BC.
After the decline of the Byzantine Empire, Thebes became a Lombard capital before falling to the Greeks in 1046. The city remained part of the Byzantine Empire until 1204 when it fell to the Crusaders. In 1428, Thebes was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and remained their stronghold in Greece until 1669 when they were defeated by the Holy League led by Venice. The Turks built a fortress on top of the old Acropolis but it was destroyed during the Battle of Thebes in 1823. After this battle, Thebes became a part of independent Greece.
Today, Thebes is a small town near Luxor in Egypt's Upper Egypt. It has some beautiful old buildings including two 15th-century mosques. The city was founded in 1180 BC by King Ramses II as a supply station for his campaigns against Syria. Thebes became one of the largest cities in Egypt and was renowned for its learning. It was here that Moses learned to be a priest after leaving the pharaoh's court.
Thebes was a Greek city in the area of Boeotia that served as the backdrop for many myths and legends. Cadmus, the fabled creator of the city, is said to have followed a cow and built a city wherever the animal stopped after receiving guidance from the Oracle of Delphi. This story serves to illustrate the importance of listening to oracles in determining one's future. The city became home to many other notable people such as Pentheus, who defied the gods by allowing humans to worship them like themselves, and Agamemnon, who led the Greeks in their quest for revenge against the Trojan prince Paris who had stolen his wife Helen away from him. After his death, his son Orestes avenged his father's murder by killing his mother Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus.
In modern times, Thebes has become synonymous with any large city in Europe. It is this association that has brought about the name "The City" being given to several such places including London, England and Montreal, Canada.
Furthermore, Thebes is also used as a generic term for any large European city. For example, if I asked you to name all the cities in Greece, you would say Athens, Corinth, Epidauros, Mycenae, Peloponnese... But if I added Thebes to that list, everyone would know what I was talking about!
Thebes (/'thi:bz/; Greek: Theba, Thiva ['thiva]; Ancient Greek: Thebai, Thebai [the:bai]) is a city in the Greek region of Boeotia. It was the location for the stories of Cadmus, Oedipus, Dionysus, Heracles, and others in Greek mythology. The modern city lies at an altitude of about 450 feet (137 m) on a plain surrounded by mountains, about 70 miles (113 km) south of Athens.
The city was founded around 1100 B.C. by Cnidos, one of the sons of Agenor, who was fleeing from Egypt with his family after murdering their father. According to some sources, Cnidos was granted the land by Zeus. The city was named after its founder, but it is also called "Mother City" because many other cities were founded by its citizens. Thebes eventually became one of the most important cities in Greece. In addition to being the birthplace of civilization's first writing system, it also played an important role in the development of mathematics and science. The city was destroyed several times, but always rebuilt more powerful than before. Today, Thebes has nearly 100,000 inhabitants and is the largest city in Boeotia.