Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam (14 January [O.S. 2 January] 1891–27 December 1938) was a Russian and Soviet poet and essayist of Jewish heritage. He was the spouse of Nadezhda Mandelstam and one of the main members of the Acmeist school of poets.
On 1 February 1918, Osip Mandelstam published his first collection of poems, which was entitled "A Cloud in Springtime". This book was followed by three more poetry collections: "The Road Not Taken" (1922), "Stikhi" ("Pensées"), and "Journey to Lithuania" (1928). In addition to his poetic works, Osip Mandelstam also contributed essays on literature and art to various journals and newspapers throughout Russia. Many of these articles were compiled into two books: "The Stray Dog" (1926) and "The Stone Wall" (1929). In 1933, Osip Mandelstam went abroad to seek treatment for depression but he died at the age of fifty-two in Paris.
He is regarded as one of the leading figures of the Acmeist movement along with Anna Akhmatova and Boris Pasternak.
Felix Mendelssohn was born on February 3, 1809, in Hamburg, then an autonomous city-state, in the same house where Ferdinand David, the dedicatee and first performer of his Violin Concerto, was to be born a year later. Abraham Mendelssohn, the son of the German Jewish scholar Moses Mendelssohn, was Mendelssohn's father. He was a successful rabbinate in Berlin and a major figure in the German Jewish community.
Moses Mendelssohn was one of the leading philosophers of Judaism at the time. As a young man, he had been trained as a rabbi but instead became an influential writer and thinker. His ideas on religion and culture were so progressive that they caused a major rift between him and his fellow Jews that was only healed many years after his death.
He is regarded as one of the founders of modern philosophy in Germany because of his book "On Religion", which argued against many traditional beliefs about God and created a huge debate among Christians, Jews and Muslims about what religion really means. In 1821, Moses Mendelssohn also published another famous book called "Songs Without Words" with melodies by his son Felix. These songs are still used today in some Jewish ceremonies in memory of those who have died.
Because of his work as a rabbi and philosopher, Moses Mendelssohn was well respected by Christians and Jews alike.
Fanny Mendelssohn, full name Fanny (Cacilie) Mendelssohn (-Bartholdy), married name Fanny Hensel, (born November 14, 1805, Hamburg [Germany]—died May 14, 1847, Berlin, Prussia), German pianist and composer, the musician Felix Mendelssohn's older sister and confidante. Their father, Leopold, was a successful merchant who owned several warehouses in Hamburg that he rented out to other merchants. When Leopold died in 1805, his estate was valued at $40,000. Young Felix and Fanny were educated by private teachers and then began to play chamber music with their brother Henry.
In 1822, when they were all still young children, their mother died, leaving her four children alone with no money. To make matters worse, their famous father had been ill for a long time and died suddenly of heart failure while on a business trip to London. The family had no insurance because they were poor Jews who could not afford to buy any.
To earn money, Felix and Fanny started taking lessons from some of the best musicians in Germany: Julius Benedict for violin and Michael Haydn for piano. In addition, Felix wrote letters to some of his friends in Russia asking them to help him find a job so he could support himself and his sisters. His friends agreed to help him if Fanny would also go with him.
Return to Pakistan and later career He is also well-known for reading English letters and literature. Mohyeddin married Azra, his third wife, in the mid-1990s, and they have a daughter, Aaliya Mohyeddin, who was born in 2002, when Zia was over 70 years old. Azra died in 2004, at the age of 49.
They met while she was still a student at the University of Denver, where he was teaching philosophy. She says their marriage was a love match and that they were devoted to each other until his death two years later from cancer at the age of 79.
In addition to reading books and magazines, Zia Mohyeddin started a literary magazine called "The Spring Wind" in 1993. The magazine is published by a nonprofit organization called "The Institute of Culture and History of Iran."
In 2001, Mohyeddin published a book titled "My Life with Three Women: Mother, Wife, and Daughter." The book describes his relationship with his wives and daughter. He wrote several more books after that, most about history or culture of Iran and some even winning national awards.
Mohyeddin was first married to an Iranian woman named Farideh, with whom he had a son before divorcing her in 1975. Two years later, he married Azra, also an Iranian woman, with whom he had a daughter.
Husband/Poonam Dhillon, actor and comedian. He has appeared in several television commercials and music videos as well as several Hindi films. He was first noticed when he featured in a TV commercial for Cadbury's chocolate bars. The ad created quite a buzz at the time it was aired and launched Poonam into the limelight.
He got his first big break with a role in the 1998 film Haathi Mughni! which became a blockbuster hit. The following year he played another negative character in the drama Gumrah: A True Story. Both these films were directed by Aditya Chopra. In 2001, he had a small role in the comedy-drama Bandit Queen but it wasn't successful at the box office.
In 2004, Poonam married actress Shilpa Shetty. The couple has a son named Iqbal who was born in 2005. The family lives in Mumbai.
Poonam has established himself as a popular face among young audiences for his humorous roles. He has also expressed interest in pursuing acting further.
His wife, Maria Dmitrievna Mendeleeva, the period table inventor's mother, had to go to work to support the family immediately after Ivan Mendeleev's death by reopening the family glass factory. That worked until Dmitri Mendeleev was 15 and the factory caught fire. The children were sent to live with their uncle and aunt in St. Petersburg while Maria went to serve a year-long prison sentence for negligence that she received because there was no help for her from Moscow or St. Petersburg authorities.
She came out of prison having lost everything: her husband, her son, and her job. All that remained was hope that someone would take pity on her family and allow her to reopen the glass factory. Such a person turned out to be Ivan Mendeleyev who had been taught how to run the business by his father. He now offered her money to leave politics and start a new life somewhere else. Maria Dmitrievna agreed and they moved to Yaroslavl where Ivan Mendeleyev bought a house for his wife to open a school where she could teach chemistry.
Ivan Mendeleev married for the second time to another woman named Antonia Lebedeva whose family owned a large estate near Yaroslavl. She was 24 years old and had two children from a previous marriage. He divorced her to marry Maria Dmitrievna but he did not want any children with this second wife.