"Con Walker En Nicaragua," a poem written by Ernesto Cardenal, a Nicaraguan Catholic priest and minister of culture from 1979 to 1987 during the Sandinista regime, presents a historical presentation of the situation from the Nicaraguan perspective. The poem is included in his book This Land Is Our Land.
Ernesto Cardenal was born on August 4, 1931, in Bluefields, British Columbia, Canada. He was raised by his parents after their divorce when he was five years old. His mother took him and his sister to live with her family in San Salvador, El Salvador. When he was eleven years old, the family returned to Canada. He finished high school in Vancouver and then went to Saint Paul University in Ottawa, where he studied literature and psychology for two years before dropping out to work as an organizer for the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). In 1964, he traveled to Cuba for the first time to participate in a conference on poetry held by the government there. Inspired by what he saw, he decided to become a poet himself.
In 1966, Cardenal went back to Nicaragua and worked as a teacher until 1969, when he was hired by the Institute of Cultural Affairs (IDEA) as its director. Three years later, he was made chief editor of La Prensa newspaper.
Walker's flag of American-occupied Nicaragua in the nineteenth century. In the Walker incident, an American named William Walker led a small force into Nicaragua in 1855. Claiming to be the president of the country, he declared himself dictator and started instituting many reforms they had never had before. However, his government was unpopular with the people and after only six months he was forced out of office by a group of soldiers who wanted to return to the old ways. America didn't know anything about this invasion until several years later when some prisoners taken during the war wrote letters home describing it.
Walker's army originally consisted of around 150 men but after defeating the Nicaraguan army three times he took their gold and left them with only 60 men. After being defeated for the third time, Walker surrendered to the British consul who were willing to let him leave Nicaragua if he agreed to stop invading their countries. But instead of going back home, Walker went to Mexico where he started another revolution. This time he succeeded in getting support from some Americans who were tired of hearing about how much our country was losing due to foreign wars. So once again Walker invaded Nicaragua but this time he did so with a large army funded by these Americans. He also managed to capture the capital city of Managua which gave him control over all of Nicaragua.
Augusto Sandino, National Hero of Nicaragua Augusto Cesar Sandino was a proponent and practitioner of Latin American revolutionary idealism against American cultural and economic dominance in the early twentieth century.
He led a rebellion against American occupation during the period known as the Sandinista Revolution, which ended with his death in 1969.
Sandino's legacy has been used by many activists and politicians to support calls for international action on social issues.
He fought against American interference in Nicaragua and for the rights of indigenous people within that country.
Sandino became a national hero in Nicaragua after his death. A statue of him stands in downtown Managua, while a school and avenue are named after him.
Before becoming president, Daniel Ortega was one of Sandino's chief proponents in promoting a nationalist ideology. During this time, Ortega helped lead protests against the American invasion of Nicaragua. The police force at that time were made up of former rebels who had banded together to protect their interests.
When the invasion ceased, most members of the police force had either been killed or disappeared. This prompted Daniel Ortega to leave his job as a teacher and start a new life by going into politics.
Anastasio ("Tachito") Somoza Debayle (Spanish pronunciation: [anas'tasjo so'mosa de'baile]) was a Nicaraguan statesman who served as the 73rd and 76th President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1967 to 1 May 1972 and from 1 December 1974 to 17 July 1979.
Major Pablo Emilio Salazar, known to all Nicaraguans as the valiant "Comandante Bravo," was also caught in Honduras and tortured and assassinated, with the Communist Minister of the Interior for Nicaragua, Tomas Borge, publicly gloating about the murder.
He was a founding member of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Spanish: Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional; FSLN). Throughout Nicaragua, he adopted initiatives to accomplish leftist changes.
Daniel Ortega was born in La Libertad, Nicaragua on November 11, 1945, and is a Nicaraguan guerrilla leader, part of the Sandinista junta that took power in 1979, and the country's elected president (1984–90, 2007–).
Jose Daniel Ortega Saavedra (Spanish pronunciation: [da'njel or'tega]; born November 11, 1945) is a Nicaraguan politician who has been the country's President since 2007. He previously led Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as Coordinator of the National Reconstruction Junta (1979-1985) and later as President (1985-1990).
Major Pablo Emilio Salazar, known to all Nicaraguans as the valiant "Comandante Bravo," was also caught in Honduras and tortured and assassinated, with the Communist Minister of the Interior for Nicaragua, Tomas Borge, publicly gloating about the murder. Comandante Bravo is buried in Managua.
Bravo was a true patriot who fought against American interference in his country. He led guerrilla raids on United States troops and their allies; however, he was captured by Honduran police in 1969 while trying to flee to Cuba with the help of some Russian advisers. There is some controversy over what happened next: Some reports claim that Bravo was executed, while others say he was taken prisoner by Nicaraguan officials who then released him later that year. Regardless, he was dead when he reached Central America.
Bravo's death came just two years after another great hero of Nicaragua's civil war, Carlos Fonseca, was murdered in Panama. These two men were the last casualties of America's war in Central America. The fact that they were both brave soldiers who stood up to the United States made them heroes in their own countries. But now that they are dead, they will never get the chance to see how much their nations honor them.
America has been involved in many conflicts around the world over the years, but none more so than its war in Central America.
He was a brilliant poet, essayist, and writer best known for his two books, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. During the Spanish colonization of the nation, these social critiques formed the basis of literature that inspired both peaceful reformists and military rebels. Jose Rizal's efforts led to the formation of universities on the national level, as well as an act that abolished slavery in the Philippines. He has been called the "Father of Modern Philippine Literature" and the "National Hero" of the Philippines.
His ideas are still relevant today. As part of its continuing program of cultural enlightenment, the government of the Philippines annually awards the Jose Rizal National Day Award, which is given to individuals or organizations that have contributed to the development of society with values similar to those advocated by Rizal. The award consists of a certificate and $15,000 cash prize.
In addition, the Philippine National Police Bureau of Investigation (PNPBI) also conducts investigations into cases involving alleged violations of civil liberties, such as torture and murder, during the time of the Spanish occupation. These investigations often lead to discoveries of valuable artifacts from ancient burial sites that reveal information about the lives of early Filipinos.