Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak, Shaikh Shaikh Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak, well known by his pen name Faizi, was a late medieval Indian poet and scholar whose forefathers were Malik-ush-Shu'ara (poet laureate) of Akbar's Court. He was born in 1543 in Kashmir and died in 1623 in Delhi.
His father, Sheikh Mubarak, was an eminent jurist who served as the chief justice of Kashmir under the Mughal Empire. His mother, Ruqayya Sultan Begum, was a daughter of the last Timurid ruler of Persia, Uljaytu Khan. Thus, he belonged to two great empires which dominated northern India at that time - the Mughals and the Safavids - and had excellent education available to him from a young age. He learned Persian, Arabic, literature, and science. In addition to being a poet, philosopher, and musician, he is also regarded as one of the greatest historians of India.
They lived in Kashmir where Abu al-Faiz spent most of his childhood. When he was nine years old, his father passed away and was buried in Lahore. After this incident, his uncle appointed a guardian for him and sent him to live in Delhi where there were many scholars who could teach him about poetry and literature. There he met many people, including Akbar himself, who became his friend.
He was strongly impressed by the mystical concepts of the Persian Sufis, which Faizi and his younger brother Abul Fazal conveyed to him. Faizi was a Persian poet who became a member of Akbar's court following the capture of Chittor in 1568. Akbar elevated him to the rank of Malik-ush-Shu'ara (Court Poet) in 1588. Under Akbar's patronage, Faizi composed poems on a variety of subjects, including love, wine, and women. He also wrote treatises on philosophy and science.
Faizi was born into a family that had long been involved in poetry and music. His father was a professional musician who died when Faizi was young. Following the death of their father, Faizi and his older brother went to live with an uncle who was a famous musician at the time. However, this uncle was not interested in educating them properly and sent them back to their parents' house when they reached puberty. Disappointed by this turn of events, Faizi decided to pursue a career as a poet instead.
During his lifetime, Faizi was regarded as one of the greatest poets of Persia. He is especially known for his works on love and wine. One of his most popular poems is "Shehr-e-Badan" ("The Sign of Cupid") which describes the effects of wine on a person's mind and body. This poem was widely read by other poets and musicians during Faizi's time.
Authors: Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak Akbarnama (1556–1623) was a historian and courtier born in what is now Afghanistan. He served as governor of Punjab from 1605 to 1606 and again from 1611 to 1612. He wrote a history of India's first emperor, Akbar, which has been called "the standard history of his age." It contains information about many aspects of Indian culture at that time.
Akbar's name means "the great" or "the illustrious". It is used for the first time in an inscription dated 1583. The author of this inscription is named after Akbar; therefore, he must have been alive at the time. The author of Akbar's name was also the author of several other books including books on medicine, astronomy, and mathematics. His full name was Abu'l-Fazl Ali Ahmad bin Mubarak Al-Bahadur Shah Alam II. He was born in Kabul and belonged to the ruling family of the powerful Durrani dynasty. He had good knowledge of languages including Arabic, Pashto, and Sanskrit.
After the death of their father in 1605, Akbar's two sons became heirs apparent to the Mughal throne.
Abu 'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak was born in 1450 and died in 1556. He was a Persian historian, courtier and biographer who served as Vizier/Prime Minister to the Mughal emperor Akbar. He wrote a history of the Mughals called "A'in-i-Akbar" (The First of the Great Ones). It is considered one of the most important historical texts on the era.
Abul Fazal and his elder brother Faizi, sons of Sheikh Mubarak, who finished a massive commentary on the Koran in four volumes and died at Lahore on September 4, 1593, were two of Akbar's court's nine diamonds from 1556 to 1605. They are regarded as the greatest scholars of their time.
Akbar was a great patron of literature and the arts. He founded universities in the Indian subcontinent and encouraged learning by freeing slaves and abolishing taxes on books. His reign was also marked by religious tolerance - he abolished the practice of converting people to Islam - and political harmony between the various ethnic groups living under his rule.
Akbar's son Murad became a successful ruler in his own right after 1598 but was defeated and killed in an invasion by the army of Shah Jahan, the son of Akbar's first wife. After this defeat, Shah Jahan married Murad's daughter and took the throne.
Since its publication in 1735, Abul Fazl's epic poem "The Muhammadan Chronicle" has been considered one of the most important historical documents about the Mughals. It contains stories of many events during the lifetime of the first five rulers of the dynasty - including Akbar, who came to power in 1542, until 1616 - as well as comments on various topics such as religion, politics, society and culture.