Only Silvanus and Mark accompanied Peter (1 Pet. 5:12-13). This shows that 1 Peter was written after AD 62, when Paul was imprisoned and freed, but before 2 Peter. So, when was the book of 2 Peter written? Like 1 Peter, 2 Peter was most likely penned from a Roman jail cell.
Silvanus is Greek for "silva's tree" and refers to an oak tree in Nero's garden. It was here that Paul and others were chained up as punishment for their faith in Christ. The word "silvan" also means "woodland." Thus, "the silvan tree" would be an oak tree growing in a wooded area near Rome's palace.
Mark was Peter's secretary and companion during his imprisonment (see Acts 12:25; 13:51; cf. 2 Tim. 4:11). He may have been born a slave, since his father was a Jewish man who married a Roman woman. But like Peter, he became a follower of Jesus after seeing his miraculous powers (Matt. 9:9; Luke 8:48).
During Peter's time in prison, Mark helped him write letters to Christians in Rome and Jerusalem. The first letter we know about was written from Joppa to Gentile believers in Rome. It may have been the letter mentioned in Acts 15:23-32 where Peter and other apostles prayed for their followers around the world.
In the year 67, Peter was martyred (The Ryrie Study Bible, p. 425). Furthermore, it is considered that Peter mentions in 5:13 that Mark was there with him at the time the epistle was written. However, shortly before this, Paul had written to Timothy, requesting that he bring Mark to Rome with him (1 Timothy 4:11). Basic Stages in the New Testament's Book of Ages, p. 325. Therefore, it can be inferred that Mark accompanied Peter on his missionary journey.
Peter was crucified between Jesus and John. Although we do not know for certain how long he was imprisoned, it seems likely that he was kept longer than most prisoners because of his status as a leader within the church. During this time, he probably received some letters from home churches who had been praying for him. When he was set free, perhaps after the conclusion of Paul's trial before Caesar, he went back home to fish with his friends (Acts 12:12-17). After this experience, he decided to go back to Jerusalem where he was given another opportunity to share the gospel with people. He then traveled with Luke and John throughout Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) preaching the message about Jesus as Lord and Savior.
While in Asia Minor, Peter started a church at Ephesus. This church grew so large that the city was divided into four parts - one for each church. There are still remnants of these walls today. After three years in Asia Minor, Peter headed back to Jerusalem where he was met by James and John who were traveling there with Jesus' body.
Peter the Apostle, but maybe authored in the early second century. Only Sts. John and Peter were generally acknowledged during the second and third centuries. The First and Second Letters of Peter are commonly regarded as the 21st and 22nd books of the New Testament, respectively. They are included in most modern Bible translations.
St. Peter was a significant figure in early Christianity. He is considered one of the "pillars" of the early church and is often referred to as the "spiritual father of the early Christians." According to Christian tradition, Peter was crucified by Nero around A.D. 65. He has been called the "rock" upon which Jesus built his church and to whom Jesus said, "You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church."
In the New Testament, Peter is mentioned by name more than any other disciple except John. He is cited by Paul as an example for others to follow (1 Peter 2:21), and his letters are credited to him (1 Peter 5:1). Peter's role as head of the early Church is evident from the fact that three of his names are used as synonyms for bishop in the New Testament: "elder" (presbyter), "overseer" (episkopos), and "bishop" (episkopos).
The Apostle Peter, according to his signature, wrote just two epistles in the Bible, namely 1 Peter and 2 Peter. This information is given in the Book of Acts.
There are several theories about who Peter's wife was. Some say she was a common slave girl named Lois, while others say she was a noblewoman named Nereus' daughter. No one knows for sure because there are no records describing their relationship except that they had children together.
Peter came from an important Jewish family. His father was Cephas (which means "rock" in Greek), and his mother was Mary's brother. In Judaism at that time, people used to call themselves after their fathers; thus Peter called himself a son of Cephas. He probably received some kind of religious training from teachers who were familiar with the teachings of Jesus. Then, when he was around 30 years old, Peter must have decided to leave home and travel to Rome to look for a job as an apostle. It may have been that the message of Jesus came first to Peter and then he passed it on to the other apostles.
In Rome there were many Christians living in poverty.