The key figures of the Romantic movement in English literature are considered to be the poets William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and the much older William Blake, followed later by the isolated figure of John Clare; also novelists such as Walter Byron, Ann Radcliffe, and George Elliot; and artists including Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds, and Francis Bacon.
Romanticism is a cultural movement that began in Europe around 1750 and had its major influences on music, art, literature, philosophy, religion, and science. It was characterized by an interest in nature, feelings, and imagination, as well as ignorance of mathematics and science. The main figures of this movement include William Shakespeare, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Alexander Pope, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Göttling, Matthew Gregory Lewis, James Macpherson, and Edward Young.
Wordsworth is regarded as the father of Romantic poetry because of his influential collection of poems titled "Lyrical Ballads" (1798). This work inspired other poets to explore their emotions freely rather than following traditional forms. Wordsworth wanted to promote political reform through his poetry, but he also enjoyed being popular with the public. He received large amounts of money for his poems, which helped him build a house near the lake country in England where he could go to relax.
The Romantic Movement's Ten Most Famous Poets
William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge are credited with initiating the Romantic movement with their poetic songs. Their contemporaries included other major poets such as John Keats, George Byron, and Lord Byron.
The term "romantic" was originally used to describe a revolutionary political movement that began in France in 1789. The French Revolution challenged many long-established institutions including the monarchy, the church, and the system of class discrimination called "the nobility." It is important to remember that while poetry may have inspired the revolution, it was not enough by itself to cause it. Rather, it was the combination of great poetry plus a growing feeling of injustice against the monarchy and nobility that led to the revolution.
So, romanticism is the name given to an intellectual movement that started in England in the early 19th century. One characteristic of romanticism is a desire for authenticity in art and nature. Many poets and artists at this time were interested in ancient Greek and Roman culture, which they believed was more pure and genuine than that of modern society. So, romantic poets like Wordsworth and Coleridge wanted to find ways to express simple pleasures in life without being influenced by current social mores. They also sought inspiration from things such as clouds, trees, and mountains rather than people.
Authors of Romance
The poets William Blake, William Wordsworth, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge pioneered Romanticism in English literature in the late eighteenth century. The second generation of Romantic poets, most notably Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, and Lord Byron, carried it on into the nineteenth century.
Romanticism was a reaction against the rationalism and moralism of previous generations. Poets such as Blake, Coleridge, and Shelley sought to return to themes and subjects from ancient mythology that had been largely abandoned by other writers.
They also often used unusual language and imagery to express their ideas about nature and humanity. These techniques were new and helped shape modern literature.
Romantics believed that only through emotion could you reach truth. This led them to use poetry rather than prose for literary expression. They also wanted to free the imagination from any constraints of logic or reality so that people could create their own visions of life.
British Romanticism was different from its counterpart in France because it was not based on any particular philosophy or ideology. Instead, it was more of a feeling that can be seen in the work of certain poets such as Blake, Coleridge, and Shelley. This feeling was connected to politics and society and aimed to restore dignity to humanity.
When people think of Romantic poetry, they think of William Blake (1757-1827), William Wordsworth (1770-1850), Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), George Gordon, 6th Lord Byron (1788-1824), Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), and John Keats (1795-1821). Although these men did not write in the Romantic era, they are important figures in the history of Romanticism: Blake for visual art, Wordsworth for nature, Coleridge for fantasy, Byron for drama, Shelley for science, and Keats for beauty.
Romantic poets often mixed genres, including drama, fiction, and even non-fiction. Some poems by Romantic poets contain all three types of material. Other poems contain only one type of material. Still others are purely lyrical or philosophical. The key is that each poem should be judged on its own merit; there is no single definition of Romantic poetry that can be applied to all poets who have been called Romantic.
Romantic poets usually wrote about love, death, and other subjects related to emotion. Many authors before and after them has used these themes as a basis for poetry. However, it was not until the early 19th century that love became the primary focus of poetry. Before this time, poets focused more on political issues than personal feelings. Love came to the fore when several factors came together at once: war ended, the industrial revolution began, and the imagination of humans was given free rein with new forms of technology.
There are two generally known generations of Romantic writers: those of Wordsworth and Coleridge, and those of Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Although there were many others who wrote in a similar style, these five individuals are usually considered the leaders of the movement.
The first generation was influenced by Thomas Gray and Alexander Pope. They focused on developing their poetic skills, using them as a way to express their feelings about nature and humanity. This led to a new interest in simple language and direct expression of emotion.
The second generation was dominated by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. They wanted to go beyond just expressing emotions-they also wanted their work to be used by people to help them resolve problems in their lives. This led them to write about issues such as society, morality, and religion with an eye toward promoting social change.
James Joyce is often cited as a third-generation Romantic poet. Like the second generation, he used his poetry as a way to deal with social issues, but instead of resolving them he made them into puzzles for readers to solve. For example, he used poems as chapters in novels that could be read as stand-alone works.
Finally, there are some modern poets whose work can be considered Romantic.
Blake, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Keats, Byron, and Shelley are among the most well-known English Romantic poets. The most prominent Romantic poet in America was Edgar Allan Poe, while Victor Marie Hugo was the movement's preeminent figure in France. Here are the ten most well-known Romantic poets and their most well-known works. - source: www.elizabethbetts.com/famous/romantic
Byron was an aristocrat who became famous for his powerful poems and songs. He was also a politician who fought in several wars (including the Greek War of Independence). Byron's life ended in 1824 when he died at the age of 36 years old in Greece.
Coleridge was a clergyman who left behind him many poems which still are read today. He was one of the first people to write about poetry as an art form. Coleridge is also known for coining the term "Romanticism" when he used it to describe what he saw as a new trend in poetry that was influenced by classical ideas.
Keats was a young poet who died at the age of 25 years old. He is best known for his innovative use of language and imagery in his poems.
Lincoln is considered by many to be the greatest American poet because of his profound words written over 150 years ago. During his time, he was president of the United States of America.