Journalism in the 1890s, led by newspaper proprietors William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer, employed melodrama, romance, and exaggeration to sell millions of newspapers—a style that became known as "yellow journalism."
Both men had strong opinions about how journalism should be done. While Hearst believed that a journalist's job was to get stories and report the facts, Pulitzer thought journalists should have an opinion and express it.
Hearst created a sensation with his political cartoons and journalistic techniques, which included giving his readers what he called "exclusive news items" about their favorite politicians. He also invented or popularized many terms that are still used in journalism today, such as "fascinating fact," "yellow journalism," and "the American way of life."
Pulitzer came from a wealthy family who owned a paper company. When he was still young, his father sent him to work for a newspaper in New York City. There, he learned how to edit articles and publish newspapers, skills that helped make him one of the most successful editors in history. After working for several newspapers, he started his own publication: the Pulitzer Prize-winning journal The World.
They both had large staffs help them write articles, take photographs, and produce videos.
Yellow journalism was a type of newspaper reporting that focused on sensationalism rather than facts. The word was coined during a fight for the New York City newspaper market by two prominent newspaper proprietors, Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. They both had the same idea but used different strategies to get attention from their readers. Pulitzer published newspapers in several cities, including New York, Philadelphia, and St. Louis, while Hearst owned only one paper, the San Francisco Examiner.
Pulitzer and Hearst were fierce competitors who hated each other yet both were influential in establishing the modern news industry. They fought a duel after which Hearst vowed to create a newspaper that would outshine Pulitzer's. He did this by printing scandalous articles about the mayor of New York (which caused Pulitzer to shut down his papers for a time) and publishing photographs of the dead body of a soldier lying in the street with a headline reading "Hearst News Service reprints story from overseas wire services".
This kind of journalism was very popular in the 1890s because it could attract more readers by being exciting and unusual. It also made economic sense because it was cheaper to print than traditional newspapers and thus smaller towns tended to use it most.
Pulitzer realized that there was a danger in printing things just to print them so he started printing essays on important issues written by scholars called "leaders".
Journalism in the shade. Both William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer owned newspapers in the American West and founded newspapers in New York City: Hearst's New York Journal in 1883 and Pulitzer's New York World in 1896. They were pioneers in the use of mass media to influence public opinion.
Their newspapers were famous for their sensationalistic, often exaggerated reporting on crime and other controversial topics of the day. This type of journalism is now known as yellow journalism because of its tendency to use strong language and focus on scandalous subjects rather than politics or economics.
Hearst created a chain reaction of innovation that transformed newspaper journalism. Before his arrival, news stories were written by reporters who traveled around the country interviewing important people such as politicians or military leaders. Because there were no standardized facts like there are today, stories could be very different from one paper to the next. This caused problems for readers who wanted to read about well-known events across many papers; they had no way of knowing which story was most accurate or complete.
In order to solve this problem, Hearst hired more journalists and expanded his scope of coverage. He started printing photos along with his articles, which made them more interesting and attractive to readers. In addition, he used bold headlines and colorful illustrations to grab readers' attention away from other news outlets where similar stories were being reported.
The use of gruesome features and sensationalized news in newspaper printing to attract readers and improve circulation is known as yellow journalism. The word was coined in the 1890s to characterize the aggressive rivalry between two New York City newspapers, the World and the Journal. Both papers were owned by the American News Company; they often printed exaggerated or false stories about their rivals' activities for the purpose of harming their reputation and attracting more readers.
Yellow journalism came on the scene at a time when other forms of media, such as television, had not yet become popular. Since newspaper reporters often traveled with out-of-town papers, they needed entertaining stories that would draw readers away from their competitors. They also needed something that would differ from the dry news articles published during weekdays. So they created fictional stories about famous people, events, and incidents in history for which there were no actual witnesses - these became known as made up stories or fake news. For example, a reporter might write about a murder case that involved someone who lived several states away from where the crime took place. He would say that he had spoken with many people who witnessed the event, but none of them could identify the killer.
This type of writing is still used today by some newspaper reporters who need something exciting to print on the front page.
William Randolph Hearst is most known for founding the largest newspaper chain in the United States in the late nineteenth century, and for spectacular "yellow journalism." His papers often featured sensationalized coverage of crime and violence, along with photos of bloodied bodies and mugshots. These images helped make his newspapers popular and influential.
Hearst started out working for a newspaper when he was just 14 years old. He printed his first issue of The Union on January 1, 1873. This newspaper was owned by a friend of his father's, and it was mostly a local paper that covered events around San Francisco. But soon after its launch, the 26-year-old Hearst moved to New York City to work for another newspaper called The New York Journal. There he met people who would play important roles in his life: fellow journalists who showed him the ropes and friends who would become wealthy investors. Within five years, he was promoted to editor at the age of 31.
Two years later, Hearst bought a small newspaper called the Morning Chronicle that didn't even have its own building. He changed its name to the American Newsmaker and began printing it six days a week from back rooms at his law office.