Booth Tarkington, William Faulkner, John Updike, and Colson Whitehead each received two awards in the fiction category. Tarkington was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1936 for his work The Magnificent Mile. Faulkner received the Nobel Prize one year later for Literature.
Updike is the only person who has won both the Nobel Prize in Literature and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. He received the first prize in 1978 for his entire body of work, while the second prize went to Colson Whitehead for his novel The Underground Railroad.
Whitehead is also the first writer to win both prizes since Henry James did so in 1895. His book was published four years after James's death and was a finalist this year for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
The Pulitzers are an annual award given by the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism to honor excellence in journalism. There are eight categories in which winners can be nominated, including newspaper article, television story, and online piece. Nominations are then voted on by members of the graduate school's board of trustees, with the winners being announced at a special session of the National Academy of Sciences.
Booth Tarkington (1919 and 1922), William Faulkner (1955 and 1963), John Updike (1982 and 1991), and Colson Whitehead have all received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction twice (2017 and 2020).
Updike is also the only person to have received the award for both poetry and fiction. His other novels that have been awarded the Pulitzer Prize are Centennial: A Novel (1963) and The Centaur: A Novel (2013).
Tarkington's novels that have been awarded the prize include The Magnificent Yankee (1918), which he also wrote as a screen play, and The Bride of the Innisfree (1920).
Faulkner has written seven novels that have been awarded the prize, including The Sound and the Fury (1929), Light in August (1932), and Absalom! Absalom! (1944).
Whitehead has written one novel that has been awarded the prize, Apollo 18 (2012).
John Updike and William Faulkner are the only authors who have won the Nobel Prize for Literature as well as the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
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Only Booth Tarkington, William Faulkner, and John Updike had received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction twice before him. In fact, no one has ever won it three times.
Booth Tarkington was awarded the prize for novel in 1919 for The Magnificent Mile. A year later he was again nominated for Swinton's Horse but this time he lost to his own work by a vote of 5 to 4.
Updike became the first writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature while still living when he was given the award in 2007. He was only the fourth person to win both prizes (the others being Tolstoy, Chekhov, and Dostoevsky).
Faulkner was one of the most distinguished American writers of all time. He won the Pulitzer for fiction four times: in 1949 for The Hamlet', in 1955 for The Wild Palms', in 1957 for As I Lay Dying', and in 1958 for Gone With the Wind'.
He is also one of only three authors to have their work made into a movie that has been nominated for an Oscar (the other two being Charles Dickens and William Shakespeare).
Josephine Johnson, John Kennedy Toole, Jhumpa Lahiri, Harper Lee, Margaret Mitchell, Paul Harding, and Allen Drury were among the seven authors who received the award for their debut works. Lee was the only author to receive the award for her one and only book: she released To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960 and never wrote another.
Although he died at 28 years old, John Kennedy Toole is still considered by many to be one of the best short-story writers in American history. In 2001, after years of campaigning by members of the literary community, the Nobel Committee awarded him posthumously prize worthy recognition.
In 1969, Harper Lee won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for her debut work, which is also called And Then There Were None. The role of this play is played by an actor in a theater company that travels around the United States performing different plays each year. When they get to Nevada, the company decides to write new scripts so as not to disappoint their audience. As they start writing letters to themselves about what happens next in their lives, several people begin to die under mysterious circumstances.
Allen Drury is an American novelist who was born on April 20, 1934 in Fort Wayne, Indiana. He is most known for his novels Set This House on Fire and The Driver, both of which are considered classics of American crime fiction. In 1998, Drury was given the Mystery Writers of America's Grand Master Award for his significant contribution to the genre.
There are two Pulitzer Prizes in circulation. One is awarded by the board of directors of The Pulitzer Prize, Inc., and the other by the president of the United States.
Updike received two Nobel prizes, one in literature and one in history, and several other awards. He was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
He published four novels and three collections of short stories in the English language. His work has been translated into more than 30 languages.
His first novel, _The Poorhouse Fair_, was published when he was only 26 years old. It won the 1970 National Book Award for Fiction. Updike's other three novels were also nominated for National Books Awards: _Rabbit, Run_ in 1960, _The Centaur_ in 1963, and _Pigeon Feathers_ in 1964. In addition, _Rabbit, Run_ and _The Centaur_ were nominated for the Los Angeles Times Book Award.
After _Rabbit, Run_ was published, Updike moved to Boston where he lived for six years.
Robert Frost won the prize four times, and several others did as well (below). The first American to win was John Greenleaf Whittier in 1884.
Frost's friend William Cullen Bryant also won three times, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow won twice.
Below is a list of all people who have won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry:
1884: John Greenleaf Whittier
1888: Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
1889: Thomas Campbell Brown
1890: George Herbert
1891: Alfred Tennyson
1892: Robert Montgomery Bird
1893: James Russell Lowell
1894: Matthew Arnold
1895: William Wordsworth
1896: Samuel Taylor Coleridge
1897: Christopher Marlowe
1898: Alexander Pope
1899: John Milton
On Monday, the Pulitzer Prize jury unveiled the 2017 winners during its 101st annual event. Four black writers were acknowledged for their work among the 21 recipients of the coveted literary prize. They are: Audrey Byington of The New York Times for her editorial "The Black Experience in America's Museums," Taya Kitman of The Atlantic for her article "There Are More Black People Than You Think," Barbara Moss of The Washington Post for her column "Blackness Revealed" and Eileen Pollack of The New Yorker for her article "Say Her Name."
African Americans have been awarded only two other prizes out of the five founded by Joseph Pulitzer in 1905 (along with a special award that can be given at any time). These are the George Washington University Medal of Honor and the Lincoln Prize.
In addition, there is a separate award called the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service that was created in 1989. It is given annually to individuals or organizations for their efforts to improve the quality of life for all people in the United States. Five African Americans have been honored with this prize: Marian Wright Edelman of the Children's Defense Fund, Louis Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam, Jesse Jackson of the National Rainbow Coalition, Charles R. Smith of the United Church of Christ and James L. Watson of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.