These devices, which are directly tied to purpose and knowledge, are what distinguishes a decent nonfiction story from a great one. When employed correctly, these features can add fresh levels of meaning to a text, but authors must avoid becoming repetitious in their use of these tactics.
The aim of any writer who chooses to use nonfiction as a medium is to communicate information and ideas through the medium of words on a page. In order to do this effectively, it is first necessary to identify an audience that will benefit from the content of your article or essay. What you write about and how you choose to write about it are two different things. The more aware you are of your audience's needs and preferences, the better you will be able to write effective nonfiction.
As we have already seen, nonfiction writers often use facts, statistics, examples, and other material based on real life events or scientific studies to support their arguments or tell their stories. These elements are important because they provide the context needed to understand the significance of what is being written about. Without them, readers lose out on knowing why these matters matter and how they relate to their own lives.
Nonfiction writers also use metaphors and analogies to make concepts easier to understand. For example, when talking about differences in education systems, they might compare them to the difference between a university town and a military base.
Literary devices are approaches that enable a writer to express a deeper meaning that extends beyond what is written on the page. Literary techniques, like narrative and characters, work together to elevate a tale and encourage thought on life, society, and what it is to be human.
These elements include: plot, character, theme, and style.
The plot is the sequence of events in a story or film. It should be logical and clear, without any gaps. A story can't go anywhere it hasn't already been set up to travel, so as soon as you realize you don't know where it's going, start looking for alternatives! The goal is to keep the reader interested enough to not put the book down. This means avoiding slow builds and jumping right into the heart of the matter; keeping details light and simple, but also relevant; and showing, not telling. You can tell when a writer has done a good job with the plot because no one goes back to read previous chapters because every chapter is exciting in its own way.
Characters are the people who interact with the plot. They give the story depth by making it more than just an outline of events. Each character should have a purpose which contributes to the plot. For example, a protagonist is the main character who tries to achieve something through the story.
Literary techniques are frequently employed in literature for emphasis or clarity. Authors will also employ literary methods to help readers connect more deeply with a tale as a whole or with individual characters or themes. So, why is it vital to be familiar with various literary methods and terms? Because an understanding of these tools can help you appreciate the way in which authors use them to great effect in their writing.
The basic aim of using any device is to enhance the reading experience for readers. Devices include metaphors, similes, personification, allusion, and onomatopoeia (words that sound like something they describe). An author may choose to highlight an important aspect of the story by employing one or more of these devices.
Metaphors are comparisons using other things as examples. Thus, "the apple of his eye" means just that - the apple of his eye. It is a metaphor because what's being referred to is an apple; an object of desire. However, it serves to illustrate how valuable this one thing is to its owner.
Similes are similar comparisons where what's being described is equivalent to what's being compared. In other words, apples are to eyes as moons are to seas. A reader would understand this phrase to mean that someone loves the moon even though it's not as big as a sea. It's a comparison that helps us understand how much this person values moonship.