Writers opposed rationality for the same reason that the movement as a whole rejected it: it was a rejection of the Enlightenment, which had sapped emotion from writing, politics, art, and so on. Romantic writers valued conveying feelings such as dread, terror, and wild, untamed nature. Rationalists such as David Hume had argued that since emotions cannot be reasoned away, they should not be repressed. They should be allowed to exist freely without suppression or denial.
Romantic writers believed that suppressing one's feelings led to mental illness. They believed that only by acknowledging and expressing these feelings could people recover from such illnesses. Thus, they advocated openness about feelings instead of hiding them like the writers of the pre-Romantic period had done.
In addition, romantic writers valued being individualistic and unique. They believed that since humans were different, they should express those differences in their writings. The more a writer tried to fit in with others, the less able they were to express themselves honestly and completely.
Finally, romantic writers rejected logic because they believed it was an exclusive tool used by intellectuals to suppress their emotional responses. They believed that true understanding can only come through feeling pain together with joy, sorrow, and fear. Only then can we connect with other people and the world around us.
Because the romantics believed that rationality was separating man from nature, they glorified nature and the emotions, ideas, and imagery linked with it. The Romantic movement emphasized intense passion above rationality. The Enlightenment Period seems to have wiped off feeling. Rationality is now seen as the only way to understand reality and improve life.
The Romantics rejected the idea that humanity can know truth about nature and society through reason alone. They believed that logic could never explain certain feelings such as love or beauty. These things are important in understanding people and nature, so they cannot be ignored. Logic is also limited when trying to explain events and things beyond human experience. The best one can do is try to understand these experiences through reason and then let go and enjoy them as they are.
Love and beauty are two examples of sensations that we think cannot be explained by reason. Modern scientists believe that they can be explained by science, but they cannot be proven through rational thinking. Science has not experienced these feelings, so it can't say anything about them.
Another example is music. Scientists have studied music and written books about it for many years. They have concluded that music is just a series of vibrations that produce energy in our bodies and brains. This book has not been written yet because science has no idea what other effects, if any, music may have on its readers.
Romantic authors abandoned the rational manner of earlier writers and instead concentrated on personal experiences, thoughts, and emotions. Romantic literature made use of soaring, emotive language to emphasize a certain mood and message. The main themes that emerged were nature, love, and despair.
Rational writers used history and science to prove their points. For example, Edward Gibbon used historical evidence to show how ancient Rome fell into decadence after the death of Augustus Caesar. John Milton used scientific evidence from his time to support his argument for creation in his poem "Areopagitica".
Authors of the romantic era rejected any kind of authority over creativity. They believed that the only limit to what you can write about is your own imagination. This means that novelists such as Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, and George Eliot could explore topics that historians and scientists had already proven beyond doubt because they were able to do so using their own creative instincts rather than following strict rules.
Some critics have argued that the real reason writers of the romantic period wanted freedom is because they wanted to be able to express themselves without restriction. Others have claimed that they sought independence from society because it allowed them to produce better work. But whatever the case may be, freedom was considered important during this time.
Romanticism was a response to the excesses of rigid rationality during the Enlightenment period, much as the Enlightenment was a reaction to an ignorant state and church. While the Enlightenment believed that religion and emotions warped reality, the Romantics believed that truth destroyed emotion. They also disagreed on how best to achieve happiness; while the Enlightenment advocated science as the path to happiness, the Romantics promoted art as the route to cosmic consciousness.
Romanticism began in Europe around 1780. It was driven by a desire for self-expression: artists wanted to paint what was inside them rather than what everyone else expected them to paint. Music was another important aspect of Romanticism. New musical genres were invented, including opera buffa (comic opera) and symphonic poem. Writers expressed their feelings about society's ills through poems, novels, and essays.
The leading figure of Romanticism was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. He proposed a new way of looking at nature and humanity. Before Goethe, people studied humans and animals because they wished to know more about God's creation. But now scientists started studying plants and animals because they hoped to learn more about human health and medicine.
Goethe said that we should study nature because it satisfied our spirit rather than our reason. This idea inspired many other writers and artists to explore different ways of living life.
Because they trusted in emotions, intuition, and mystical impulses, Romantic painters frequently criticized the worship of reason and science. They attempted to forge a feeling of national legacy, a shared cultural past, as the foundation of a country. The British were inspired by the idea of the Italian Renaissance, while the French looked to the Age of Enlightenment for guidance.
Romanticism was not a single style or group of paintings, but an intellectual movement that began in Europe around 1750 and continued through to 1820. It was marked by dramatic changes in art, literature, philosophy, and music. Artists such as Raphael, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci had created works that shaped future generations of painters and sculptors. In their efforts to revive these styles, known as Neoclassicism and Academicism, many Romantic artists discarded the modern innovations of oil painting and sculpture in favor of techniques used by earlier masters.
These events greatly affected the arts, changing how people thought about history, government, and even beauty. The French believed that only great artists could bring about social change, so they gave major commissions to artists who expressed sympathy with their ideals. These men included George Washington Cavendish, Lord Byron's father, and William Blake.
1 response Romanticism rejected the veneration of reason and science in favor of emotions, intuitions, and mystical sensations. As the foundation of nationalism, poets and romantic artists attempted to establish a feeling of shared collective heritage, a common cultural past. They wrote about and painted their countries' legends and history with an eye toward evoking these same feelings in their readers and viewers.
2 "The invention of romance helped fuel nationalism." Romanticism rejected the veneration of reason and science in favor of emotions, intuitions, and mystical sensations.
3 "Romantic poetry and art helped fuel nationalism by promoting foreignness/otherness." Foreignness can be defined as the state of being different from or distant than others. Otherness can be described as the condition of being different from all others. Both terms describe the relationship between two parties where one is distinct from the other. In this case, romantic poets and artists promoted foreignness/otherness because they wanted their audiences to feel a sense of pride in their countries despite their differences.