Cinna is the name of two characters in Julius Caesar: Cinna the conspirator and Cinna the poet. According to the Greek writer Plutarch, the Cinna who was slaughtered by a crowd of enraged Romans after Julius Caesar's death was a poet. Cinna, the conspirator, was deeply dissatisfied with Julius Caesar's management of the Roman Empire. He felt that it should be handed over to someone more capable than Caesar.
Cinna led a group of about thirty-five men in a conspiracy against Caesar. On the Ides of March, 44 BC, Cinna and his followers attacked the house of Pompey where Caesar was staying. They attempted to kill him, but he escaped through a window at the last moment. Then they set upon Cinna, who had sought refuge under a table. They killed him by cutting him down with swords and spears. His body was then taken outside the city and burned.
Cinna is one of several characters in history who have died by burning alive. Another example is Jesus, who was crucified.
The killing of Cinna caused outrage among the people of Rome. They wanted him punished, not just because he was leader of the conspiracy, but also because he was a famous poet. Some historians believe that Plutarch invented this story about Cinna being a poet to explain why he was killed by a crowd.
Cassius manipulates Brutus to aid their scheme with Cinna's assistance: Cinna plants letters in places where Brutus is certain to notice, read, and be manipulated by them.
These letters accuse Brutus of treason and demand that he commit suicide like his friend and colleague Caesar. When this doesn't work out as planned, the angry crowd goes to Brutus' house and kills him too.
The reason given by Plutarch for this brutal act was that both men had conspired to murder Caesar. However, this is not confirmed by any other source. It may be that the people thought that writing poems was treasonous and thus Cinna was punished for that too.
Cinna, the poet, is murdered by the Roman crowd because his name is the same as one of the conspirators. This is symbolic of the fact that many people, especially artists and writers, were persecuted by the ruling classes of their times.
In ancient Rome, anyone who was rich and powerful could get away with anything, including murder. Artists and poets were particularly vulnerable, since they usually didn't have any useful skills to offer (other than perhaps being able to paint or write poems, which could be used to make money). If an artist or writer offended someone powerful, they could end up with no means of support. In some cases, they even ended up on trial for treason, where they would be killed by the jury if they weren't given a pardon by the emperor.
So not only was Cinna's life likely spared by Nero, but also his executioner. The crowd probably just wanted to see someone die. However, since Cinna had been named in a list of conspirators, it can be assumed that he knew something about them; thus, he became an enemy of the state. This made him liable to death under Roman law.
Several accounts, notably Valerium Maximus and Dio Cassius, claim that the poet Cinna was killed at Julius Caesar's burial in 44 BC after being mistaken for the murderer Lucius Cornelius Cinna...
Cinna, the poet, is on his way to Caesar's burial when he is confronted by a rowdy mob that demands to know who he is and where he is going. He introduces himself as Cinna and informs them that he is on his way to Caesar's burial. The crowd begins to chant names of other poets who have been killed by Caesar and ends up burning all of Cinna's poems behind him.
In modern times, Cinnabar has become a nickname for someone who is red in coloration or behavior and is often used as an insult. This nickname can be applied to people of Chinese origin or otherwise.
Cinnabar is also a mineral. Chemically, it is a complex sulfide of mercury (HgS). It is used in paints and varnishes because it gives a bright red color. When burned, it produces hydrogen sulfide, which is toxic.
The word "cinna" comes from Latin and means "poem," "song," or "epic." It was originally used to describe works written in iambic pentameter, which are long poetic lines composed of five feet of one line followed by five feet of another. However, today it is used to describe any poem that uses this form of meter.
Cinnabar was first discovered in 1753 in what is now called Burma (then known as British India).