Robinson is the third graduate in as many years to get the honor in both letters and theater, making him the third alumnus to receive the award in both categories. According to the prize's website, Boston Globe reporter Gareth Cook '91 also received a Pulitzer this year in explanatory journalism for his coverage of the "complex scientific and ethical implications of stem cell research."
Gilead has won several other awards for its online health journal, JAMA Online.
It was announced on April 16, 2013 that JAMA published an article by Robinson and others entitled, "Expanding Medicaid eligibility to adults with disabilities: The case for Illinois." The paper looked at why extending Medicaid coverage to adults with disabilities would be beneficial for them and their families.
The paper's conclusion stated that "extending Medicaid coverage to adults with disabilities could improve access to care for these individuals and reduce financial barriers to care for their families."
JAMA is the official journal of the American Medical Association. It is one of the most prominent medical journals in the world and has been described as the Bible for physicians. The paper is edited by John H. Grohol, M.D., who is also the founder and director of www.DoctorGrohol.com. He is the first person ever awarded two Pulitzers - one in journalism and another in medicine.
Robinson received the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary in 2009 for his essays about then-Senator Barack Obama during his first presidential campaign. In an article titled "Barack Obama: A Life Well Lived", Robinson praised Obama as a man of faith and courage who had used those qualities to overcome racism and achieve the presidency.
Before becoming a journalist, Robinson was active in Chicago politics as a member of the city council and mayor's office. He has been writing commentary for The Washington Post since 1998.
In addition to being awarded the Pulitzer, Robinson was also given the National Newspaper Award for Editorial Writing that same year for his editorials on Obama.
He is the second African American after Charles E. Williams to have won the award twice. The other is the influential civil rights activist James Baldwin.
Obama honored Robinson at the White House in 2009 when he received the Nobel Peace Prize. At the ceremony, the president said that Robinson had written "brilliant columns" about him during their campaign and called him a friend.
Later that year, Robinson wrote an article for The Post entitled "Why I am proud to be black".
Edwin Arlington Robinson (December 22, 1869–April 6, 1935) was a poet from the United States. Robinson was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature four times and won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry three times.
He is also known for co-founding the modern science fiction field with his friend H. G. Wells. They published two magazines together: The Future of Life and The Well of Loneliness. In both cases, they aimed them at an audience that would be interested in their subjects.
Robinson was born in Milton, Massachusetts, the son of Mary Jane (née McVickar) and William Grosvenor Robinson. His father was a wealthy real estate developer who had made his money selling land he owned in Massachusetts and New York. His parents were devoutly religious and opposed to slavery; both parents were active members of the local Congregational Church. When Edwin was eight years old, the family moved to New York City, where his father built them a large house on Fifth Avenue near the Park Drive. He attended Harvard University, where he studied literature and psychology before dropping out to write full time.
His first collection of poems was published in 1890 when he was twenty-one years old. It was titled A Dance of Death and featured a male protagonist who dances with death until he is saved by a woman.
On Monday, the Pulitzer Prize jury unveiled the 2017 winners during its 101st annual event. Four black writers were acknowledged for their work among the 21 recipients of the coveted literary prize. They are: Jennifer Egan for fiction, Don Lee for criticism, Ebony Elizabeth Thomas for history, and Natasha Trethewey for poetry.
They join an exclusive club of authors who have won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction or Poetry. The first African American to do so was Lucille Clifton who received the 1994 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for her play Dead End Street. Since then, four more blacks have been awarded the prize: Toni Morrison in 1993 for her novel Beloved; James Baldwin in 1975 for his collection of essays America Within Our Gates; Carter G. Woodson in 1950 for history; and Carl Henry, later joined by Nikki Giovanni in 1995.
The other three black people honored with a Pulitzer this year are Don Lee for editorial writing, Ebony Elizabeth Thomas for history, and Natasha Trethewey for poetry. This is the second time that a writer from Georgia has been selected for this award. Last year's winner was Gwendolyn Brooks for poetry. She is considered one of the founders of modern poetry because of her innovative work which included measuring poems with mathematical equations.
Booth Tarkington (1919 and 1922), William Faulkner (1955 and 1963), John Updike (1982 and 1991), and Colson Whitehead have all received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction twice (2017 and 2020).
Updike's first two novels were awarded the Pulitzer in 1982 and 1991, while his third novel was published after his death in September 2008. His wife, Carol, accepted on behalf of her husband.
Whitehead is the only writer to receive the Pulitzer for Fiction three times alive. He received it again in 2019 for his third novel, _The Night Americans Stopped Dancing_.
Faulkner was awarded the Pulitzer for Drama in 1955 for his work in fiction. He had previously been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1949.
Tarkington was awarded the Pulitzer for Biography or Autobiography in 1919 for his book _Mumford_, which studied American culture and society during the Gilded Age. He had previously been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1936.
John Steinbeck received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1953 for his work in fiction. He had previously been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938.
Carl Sandburg received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1932 for his work "The Complete Poems".
There are two Pulitzer Prizes in circulation. One is awarded by the board of directors of The Pulitzer Prize, Inc., and the other by President Obama with the consent of the board. Updike received five prizes, all but one for literary criticism.
He was born on March 20, 1932, in Shillington, Pennsylvania, the son of Elizabeth (Lang) and Richard Henry Updike. His father was an insurance agent and his mother was a homemaker. He had two sisters; one older than him who died in infancy and another younger than him who lived until she was four years old. His parents' marriage was not happy, and he often visited his father's family in Massachusetts where they would stay for several months at a time. He began writing short stories when he was 12 years old and published his first book of poems when he was 16. He attended Harvard University, where he earned degrees in English literature and biology. After graduating, he moved to Boston where he worked as a research biologist for two years before moving back home to pursue writing full-time.
His first novel, Rabbit, Run, was published in 1960 to wide acclaim.