Garcia Lorca had pondered on his time in New York before his death, calling it "one of the main experiences of his life," Mr. Young said. "He came here to escape the memory of his love affair in Madrid and to find a different type of poetry." He discovered it in New York. With its vibrant theater scene, eclectic art world and large Hispanic population, the city was a perfect place for him to find what he was looking for.
Lorca wanted to be a poet, actor and playwright when he arrived in New York. But first, he spent some time working as an editor at a newspaper while writing poems and plays that were never published or performed. He traveled back home to Spain each year but stayed only three years before returning to New York. When he died in 1936 at the age of 36, Lorca was being considered for a Nobel Prize in literature.
Lorca met many famous people during his time in New York, including Mark Twain, William Shakespeare and George Washington Carver. He also developed relationships with other artists who shared his interest in promoting Spanish poetry. One of these friends was Emilio Casona, who lived in New York since 1914. They collaborated on several projects including publishing magazines that showcased their own work as well as that of other poets. Lorca even helped Casona establish a school for poets like themselves.
Federico Garcia Lorca, the famous Spanish poet and dramatist, visited New York from June 1929 to March 1930. The volume of poetry Poeta en Nueva York, whose title suggests an almost ontological out-of-placeness, is the major concrete souvenir of that journey. Lorca made several trips to America, most notably in search of funds to support his family after he had lost his job as a schoolteacher in Spain.
He first arrived in New York on 6 June 1929 at the age of 36. His visit was organized by his friend Emilio Carbonell with the help of Lorca's brother-in-law Antonio Rodríguez Eloria. They wanted to show Lorca the United States and offer him economic opportunities. However, only a few months later, on 15 August, Lorca died in Madrid of tuberculosis. He is now considered one of the greatest poets of modernity.
Lorca's body was transported back to Spain for burial in the cemetery of Fuente de la Morra near Malaga. But many friends and supporters arranged for his remains to be taken to the city of his birth, Granada, for burial in the cathedral there. This ceremony took place on 23 October 1929, just over a year after his death.
Poeta en Nueva York (1940), a Surrealist comment on metropolitan inhumanity and disorientation, was composed during his 1929-30 vacation to the United States. While in New York City, Lorca visited many museums and galleries, including the Museum of Modern Art, where he was greatly influenced by the work of Pablo Picasso.
Lorca's stay in America also coincided with a political crisis in his home country of Spain. The Spanish Civil War had begun in 1936 when General Francisco Franco led an army rebellion against the democratically elected government of Spain. By 1939, Lorca became involved in leftist politics and was eventually forced into exile. He died at age 37 in Mexico City on August 26, 1930.
During his time in New York, Lorca met many artists and writers who would have an impact on his poetry. He attended several events organized by George Santayana and his wife, Lucie. Lorca also met Fernando de los Ríos, a fellow Spaniard who was then serving as his translator. The two men developed a close friendship that lasted until Lorca's death.
In addition to these relationships, it can be assumed that Lorca read many books about American culture and history while in the United States.