In order to exceed Homer's literary renown, Virgil attempted to replicate many of the famous scenes in the Iliad and Odyssey. He also intended to show that Latin, like Greek, was ideally suited to poetry. By doing this, he hoped to make himself worthy of being chosen poet for a new empire.
Homer's poems were already known when they were taken up by Virgil in 19 B.C. Although they had been sung or recited rather than written down, they were still considered important enough to be included in the library at Alexandria. This fact alone shows how highly they were regarded.
Virgil copied many of the scenes from the Iliad and the Odyssey and tried to imitate their style as accurately as possible. But there are differences between the two poets' works which prove that Virgil did not copy Homer word-for-word. These changes show that Virgil wanted to improve on Homer and create a poem that was appropriate for the times.
One difference that can be seen right away is that Virgil includes more about characters other than Achilles and Hector. In the Iliad, these other people are mentioned but not given much attention. They are mainly there to supply us with information about battles and chases which helps to keep the story moving along.
Virgil was familiar with Homer's epics and intended to weave The Odyssey and The Iliad into The Aeneid. Despite the fact that Virgil drew on a vast scale, It may also be claimed that Virgil did not just mimic Homer, but changed his works into the foundation of his own poetry (Knauer 402).
Homer is said to have written about 700 years before Virgil did, so it is possible that he had some influence on the younger poet. However, modern scholars believe that Virgil created most of his work independently from Homer.
In addition to being influenced by Homer, Virgil was also a friend of Cicero who had many conversations with him about literature and politics. This shows that he was interested in many different topics beyond just making up stories about gods and men.
Virgil's work was popular throughout Europe because it told stories in an easy-to-understand style that didn't rely on complicated metaphors or obscure allusions (like many other poets of his time). He is considered the father of romance literature due to the popularity of his work among medieval writers of chivalric tales.
Aristotle refers to Homer as exceptional among poets of his period in that he focused on a single topic in his work Poetics. The Homeric Hymns are attributed to Homer. These poems range in length from a few lines to hundreds of lines and are written in the same dialect as the Iliad and Odyssey. They date from about 700 BC to 500 BC. Many scholars believe they were used in worship during the Greek era, but there is no direct evidence of this.
Homer's poetry is characterized by its simplicity and clarity. His diction is straightforward and often dramatic, and his language is often eu phthongous (good for singing). He tells his stories through dialogue and describes battles through the eyes of those who experience them. Moreover, Homer uses irony quite often; for example, when someone accuses another of doing something wrong while themselves doing the very same thing.
Homer also has many other qualities that make him special. For example, he was probably born in Greece somewhere between 850 and 730 BC and died after around 750 BC. He is therefore considered the oldest surviving poet and author in world history. In addition, he is also regarded as one of the founders of European literature because of the significant role he played in developing both epics as we know them today. Finally, he is also famous for having been the first person to have applied mathematics to music: he used mathematical formulas to compose melodies based on the rhythm of speeches in his poems.