Yukio Mishima, a world-renowned Japanese writer, commits suicide after failing to gain popular acceptance for his frequently radical political convictions. Mishima committed seppuku, or ritual suicide, by disemboweling himself with his sword because the troops were uncaring. Before he died, Mishima warned that his action was just a start.
Mishima was born on July 5th, 1925 in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. He lost his father when he was young and his mother when he was 11 years old. Under these circumstances, it is not surprising that he developed a strong egoism from an early age. In 1945, when he was 17 years old, Mishima joined a militant group called the Student Army (the "Red Guards") that aimed to overthrow the American-backed government of Japan.
During this time, he wrote many articles for leftist magazines such as Shinchō (Today's Youth) and Seikatsu (Living Conditions). One of his most famous works at this time was Sunagawa no tora (The Cockroach), which focused on the need for revolutionary change within Japan itself. In 1950, after finishing high school, Mishima worked as an office clerk before joining the military as required by law. When he finished his term of service, Mishima tried to start his own business but failed miserably. This experience only made him more determined to succeed in life.
Mishima Yukio (born January 14, 1925 in Tokyo, Japan—died November 25, 1970 in Tokyo) is a prolific writer often considered as the most influential Japanese novelist of the twentieth century. Mishima received rapid recognition for the work, and he began to dedicate his whole attention to literature. His early novels were best sellers that attracted large audiences, but they were also criticized for their violent content and lack of moral guidance. In 1965, after killing two men in dueling incidents, he committed seppuku (ritual suicide) in front of hundreds of spectators.
Mishima was born into a wealthy family; his father was a successful banker who owned many properties. When Mishima was 11 years old, his family moved to Kyoto where his father was appointed governor by the emperor. This experience would later serve as the basis for one of his novels.
In 1939, when Mishima was 16 years old, his father died and then three years later his mother too passed away. All his wealth came to him and this sudden loss of status must have greatly affected him. After graduating from high school, he tried to join the army but was rejected because of poor eyesight. Disappointed by this outcome, he decided to study law at Waseda University instead. However, during his first year there, the war broke out and he had to leave school to help fight against the enemy.
Mishima, Yukio, 1920-55? A Japanese poet and novelist who was part of the modernist movement that developed in Japan after World War II. Mishima killed himself by hari kuyo, or ritual disembowelment, which is when you cut off the main parts of your body, including your colon and intestines.
He did this because he felt like a fake when he couldn't write anything worth reading anymore.
Mishima's family had money, so he wasn't poor. He lived in a big house in Tokyo with his mother, two sisters, and several servants. But even though he wasn't poor, Mishima felt like he needed to kill himself because he could never write anything good enough to be published.
Before he killed himself, Mishima wrote a long letter to his friends and relatives explaining why he was doing it and what kind of effect it would have on them.
In the end, only one friend replied, and he said that he understood what Mishima was trying to do but that it was too late for him to change anything now.
The plot revolves around a gang of samurai who were left without a commander when their daimyo (feudal ruler) Asano Naganori was forced to commit seppuku (ritual suicide) for attacking a court official called Kira Yoshinaka, whose title was Kozuke no suke. They were subsequently sentenced to death by seppuku for the crime of murder. However, before they could be executed, they decided to kill themselves instead.
In Japan at that time, it was common for warriors to have their heads cut off in battle. If they were defeated, then they would usually just surrender. The Asano clan was one of the most powerful in Japan and had never been defeated in war. So when their leader committed seppuku, his sons decided to do the same. But even though they were now disowned by their family, the ronin (masterless samurai) continued to fight for them.
Because there were only 46 total ronin, they couldn't all be given honorable deaths after fighting to the end. So their leaders decided that it would be better to go together than to live out their days in shame. This is why the ronin took their own lives by seppuku instead of being granted honor killings.
Kira was responsible for ordering the deaths of many people including members of the Asano clan. So it's not surprising that he became known as "the man who killed with his tongue".
Yukio Mishima was born in Tokyo as Kimitaka Hiraoka, the son of a government officer. Later, he changed his name to Yukio Mishima to hide his writing from his anti-literary father, Azusa. This haunted Mishima his whole life—he had lived horribly when so many others were slain. He died at age 40 after committing seppuku (ritual suicide) because he could not live with the shame of losing his battle with cancer.
Mishima is known for his book and movie based on his life, The Decay of the Angel. The novel and film deal with violence in modern society and focus especially on war and nuclear weapons.
Mishima became famous after his death. Today, he is considered one of Japan's greatest writers and poets.
He committed seppuku at the age of 40 after failing in his attempt to overthrow the Japanese government.
He was supposed to be spoilt from a young age and to be cruel to everyone save his friends and family. This changed when a 21-year-old swordsman from the Aizu clan, which was notorious for its opposition to the Reformists, was compelled to do seppuku (ritual suicide). In shame over being unable to defeat this man, Hijikata decided to devote himself to Aizukotetsu School so that he could learn how to fight.
Hijikata felt guilty about not having fought back against his enemy and took his own life. He was 33 years old.
Since then, his family has been making sure that no one else dies by letting them fight each other to the death. The last survivor is said to become the next leader of Aizu.
Hijikata's grave can be found in Kōriyama Cemetery in Fukushima Prefecture. His memorial service is held every year on July 19th (his birthday).
Samurai used seppuku to die with dignity rather than fall into the hands of their enemies (and presumably be tortured), as a type of death punishment for samurai who had committed significant transgressions, or simply because they had brought dishonor to themselves. They would often do so in front of their allies to show courage and strength of character.
There are several theories about why samurai would choose this form of suicide:
Some historians believe that many samurai committed seppuku out of shame, while others say that it was due to guilt over killing people who had done them no harm. Some scholars think that it was a way for samurai to show loyalty to their lord, while others say that it was a way for them to maintain their honor after losing a battle. Still others argue that seppuku was used as a political tool by those who wanted to avoid further punishment or exile.
In any case, it is safe to say that samurai used suicide when other options were not available to them.