For example, biographies frequently employ a descriptive text structure to convey the details and features that let the reader see the events in a series. Signal words can assist the reader in determining the text structures an author is employing. The most common structural signals are quotation marks (for quoted material), paragraphs (divided sections of the biography), and lists (each item on which is separated by a comma).
Text structures are also useful for organizing information within the biography itself. For example, a sequential text structure can be used to present information about an eventful life in chronological order by dividing the story into sections for each year of the subject's life.
A descriptive text structure can be used to paint a detailed picture of the person being profiled. This type of structure allows the writer to describe the unique qualities and attributes of the individual being written about. It also provides space for the writer to explain how these factors influenced the person's life decisions.
In addition to using signal words to identify specific structures, writing teachers may also suggest other ways to divide up your narrative. For example, you could choose to divide your biography into several different chapters or even sections inside one chapter. This would allow you to cover more ground in terms of time and subject matter while still giving the reader a clear idea of what kind of story they are reading.
How do authors order their written works? This course covers five typical text structures found in nonfiction and informational texts: description, sequence, cause and effect, compare and contrast, and issue and solution. These structures can be used to organize any type of writing into a coherent whole.
Why is it important for writers to understand text structure? Because understanding how different parts of a writing project fit together helps writers avoid confusion when drafting and improves the overall quality of their work.
In this course, you will learn about:
Description: The description structure includes introductory material followed by a topic that is described in more detail later on. Authors use this structure when they want to provide readers with general information without getting too technical. For example, an author could describe some basic terms related to human anatomy then move on to discuss the skeletal system.
The sequence structure consists of several passages or sections that follow a linear pattern from general to specific. In other words, the reader first reads about the most general subject before being taken through details about one particular aspect of the topic.
Cause and effect: This structure shows what causes something to happen then describes what effects it has once it does.
This text structure includes a comprehensive explanation of something to help the reader visualize it. A book may tell you all there is to know about whales or detail the geography of a certain place. [pdf] The Descriptive Pattern Defining Characteristics are used to explain these types of topics because they don't have a single main idea like most essays or articles.
In general, descriptive text contains information on what makes something special or unique about its subject. This can be something as simple as explaining how to use an appliance or as complex as describing a new technology. In either case, descriptive text requires you to provide much more detail than usual. For example, when writing about sports teams, players, and events you need to describe their physical qualities and skills along with their history and tradition.
Descriptive text also needs clarity in its writing style. If you write descriptively, your readers will enjoy reading about your subjects because they feel like they're getting a full picture of them.
Finally, descriptive text must be accurate. You should use reliable sources for information regarding your topic so that you aren't spelling things incorrectly or misunderstanding what you're writing about.
Biographies have characteristics with both fiction and nonfiction works. Biographies, like nonfiction, employ various literary structures such as a description, sequence, comparison, cause and effect, or issue and solution. They frequently include textual information (e.g., headings, timelines, photographs, and captions). This material may provide evidence for the accuracy of the story being told and add context to its interpretation.
Text features are design elements that appear in the text of your biography. They help readers understand important concepts or ideas in the work. For example, a biographer might use a text feature to indicate the location where a key event occurred in an ancestor's life. Text features are different from endnotes. Endnotes are notes written at the bottom of pages or within the margins of the page; they are used by authors to point out specific sources for their stories.
Some common text features include:
Headers/subheaders. A biographer can use headers or subheads to organize their narrative into sections. These should be clear and concise. For example, one could divide a history into time periods using such terms as "Antebellum America," "Modern Era," or "21st Century."
Issues in History. Historians often discuss multiple topics within the context of one event or period of time.
The author's approach to text organization. Cause/Effect: Causes are acts and occurrences, while effects are the outcomes of those actions or events. 'Compare and contrast': putting people, settings, or ideas together to highlight similarities or differences in literary selections. 'Follow up question': a follow-up question is asked after explaining an idea in more detail or answering a previous question. 'Opening statement'/'Prologue': an opening statement is used at the beginning of a piece of writing to give readers information about the topic or subject. A prologue is a brief introductory section in a book or play written before each chapter or scene. These sections often include a summary of what has happened in the preceding scene or chapter.
The approach an author takes to organizing the text within his or her manuscript. Authors usually have a basic idea of where they want their paper to go but don't always know exactly how to get there. Thus, they will probably use headings to indicate major topics and subtopics within their papers.
Headers can be used to distinguish parts of your paper. For example, if you were writing about a certain event, you could put "Dateline 9/11" at the top of the page to show that this is where you would like to start your essay.