Speeches fulfill a number of functions. The immediate audience contributes to the objective of a speech. People gather for a speech because they anticipate to hear or learn something they did not know before. Establishing one's aim in making a speech necessitates specific focus. This allows the speaker to concentrate his or her message clearly and concisely.
Speakers also make speeches for another reason: as a form of self-expression. Some speakers feel compelled to get their ideas out into the world. They may have something to say that needs to be heard by as many people possible. Other speakers may want to convince an individual or group of people that they are right. These speakers seek out opportunities to speak because they believe their ideas are important and should not be ignored.
Finally, some speakers make speeches because they are paid to do so. Many people enjoy speaking in public. With the help of technology, today's speakers can reach more people than ever before. Speeches made at events where you are being compensated financially (such as seminars and workshops) are called "paid speeches".
In conclusion, people make speeches for various reasons. Some speakers want to inform others about new ideas or events that affect them. Others may want to express themselves or earn money doing so. Still other speakers may be forced to make speeches under certain circumstances (such as at political rallies).
Any speech's overarching goal will be to enlighten, encourage, convince, or entertain your audience. Once you've determined the overall aim of your speech, you may craft your particular mission statement (what the speaker will accomplish). Your speech is developed using your Specific Purpose Statement. Before beginning to draft, it may help to think about other types of speeches that relate to your topic. For example, if you were giving a graduation address, your speech might focus on honoring the graduates and their achievements.
In addition to informing, inspiring, or entertaining, oral speech can also promote social change. Activists use speeches to raise awareness about issues that matter most to them, whether it's raising funds for a cause, calling for more humane treatment of animals, or fighting racism by organizing boycotts of businesses that employ black employees only. Speeches can also express personal beliefs. For example, a religious speaker could discuss how his or her faith impacts what they say from week to week during sermons.
Finally, speeches can have artistic value. Artists use speeches to convey ideas through language, imagery, and sound. Great speakers can move listeners with just their words alone, but many also include visual aids in order to enhance their messages. Modern-day speakers often use PowerPoint presentations to this end. Although most artists' speeches are not written down, some speakers include some remarks in their performances. These are called extemporaneous speeches.
Having a defined purpose ensures that your primary message (and call to action) will eventually resonate with your audience. Again, the overall objective of a speech might be to convince, enlighten, inspire, motivate, or entertain. However, if you don't have a clear purpose in mind when creating it, then it's likely that one or more of these objectives will get lost in translation.
For example, if I were to create a speech without any sort of goal in mind, it might go something like this: "Today is a beautiful day. Sun is out, people are smiling, there are flowers blooming everywhere. It feels good on my skin." That could be a short commentary during an afternoon news broadcast. But what would happen if I delivered this same speech at a business conference? The feedback I would receive from speakers and attendees would most likely reveal that they found my speech confusing and unappealing.
When creating a speech, it's important to keep in mind why you're giving it and what you hope to achieve by delivering it. This will help ensure that you cover all relevant topics and avoid saying anything unnecessary. It also helps prevent you from falling into the trap of speaking too much off the top of your head!
Finally, clearly defining the purpose of your speech will help you stay focused and avoid rambling.
Speeches have generally been considered as serving one of three main purposes: informing, persuading, and—well, to be honest, other adjectives are used for the third sort of speech purpose: inspiring, amusing, pleasing, or entertaining. But anyway, these are the most common ones.
Informing is the simplest purpose to understand. It means telling your audience what you know about the subject matter at hand. This could be as simple as "I would like to inform you that so-and-so happens tomorrow." Or it could be a longer essay explaining different aspects of the topic. The point is that an informed speech gives its audience information they can use or not use as they see fit.
Persuading is another easy one to grasp. A persuasive speech seeks to influence its audience by using logic and reason to show how ideas or actions should be chosen. These speeches often take the form of arguments written out in detail with a conclusion at the end. Persuasive speeches can be very effective when trying to get people to do something (such as vote for someone), but cannot always be used if the aim is just to inform your audience. For example, you might want to inform your audience about the dangers of smoking while also encouraging them not to start up again after years of not doing so; a persuasive speech would be the best way to go about this.