The fundamental benefit of writing fiction in third person (using pronouns like he, she, and they) is that it allows the writer to function as an omniscient narrator. The reader can be provided information about any character or circumstance, whether or not the characters are aware of it. For example, if I wanted to describe a party going on outside my window, I could write: "George came out on his patio wearing a T-shirt and shorts. He sat down at the table and began eating his pizza." In this case, George is unaware that we know he is there - unless he walks over to the window and looks out. But because I have used third person, he has no way of knowing this until he checks the room.
First person (I did this...) limits the narrator to information available only to the character, so many stories will not work in first person. For example, if I were to write something like "It was a dark and stormy night", nobody would believe that the protagonist had anything to do with the event described. There may be some who would think that nothing could stop such a brave man from walking through the door, but most people would find the story ridiculous before they even started reading it.
Second person (you did this...) is even more restrictive than first person since it removes all ambiguity about what character is speaking.
Writing in the third person involves writing from the viewpoint of an outsider looking in, and utilizing pronouns like he, she, it, or they. He, she, it, they, him, her, them, his, her, hers, its, their, and theirs are the personal pronouns used in third-person literature. Third-person narratives can be divided into three basic forms: first-person, second-person, and third-person.
The author is telling a tale about the characters in the third person, referring to them by name or using the third-person pronouns "he," "she," and "them." In literature, there are both first and second person points of view. Save. The first-person point of view is used when the narrator is one of the main characters. It can be used for dramatic effect, as when a character recounts an incident or memory from their own life. The second-person point of view is used when the narrator is talking to the reader, usually about something that has happened in the story. These are just two examples of first and second person points of view; many more examples could be given.
In general fiction, the author uses a third-person point of view to tell the story. Other types of stories may use other ways to identify the speaker, such as by using "I" or "me" statements. However, even in these cases, the author can still refer to specific characters by name.
First person refers to the story being told from the point of view of one specific character, while third person refers to the story being told from the point of view of someone other than one of the characters involved. Narrative nonfiction uses third person because it is difficult to tell who is speaking with first person.
Third person is often used in historical novels and stories set in another time period. Because names don't carry much meaning in the past, historians use numbers instead to identify people. With third person, multiple characters can be discussed without confusion.
In addition to history books, some examples of narratives written in third person include biographies, magazine articles, and textbook chapters. Third person allows for more freedom in the writer's ability to discuss different characters without getting confused about who is talking.