Arguments are evaluated by determining their quality, or how effective they are as arguments. The goal of an argument is to persuade the listener to believe the conclusion based on the grounds offered in favor. A good argument must include pleasant arguments that make the conclusion appear plainly true. Unpleasant arguments can cause us to reject a conclusion, but they aren't always effective tools for doing so.
Evaluating arguments involves three steps: identifying the argument's form, analyzing the premises and conclusion, and assessing the strength of the argument. These steps will be discussed in more detail below.
Often, we don't think about how arguments work until one has been presented to us and we want to know if it was effective. At this point, it is important to understand that arguments can be effective even when they are not strong arguments. For example, an argument may be very clear and straightforward, yet still influence our thinking because it is well constructed. Such arguments are called persuasive.
Persuasive arguments consist of two parts: a good premise collection and a solid conclusion. Without good premises, an argument can fail for multiple reasons: the logic may be flawed, the evidence may be lacking, or the argument may simply not touch upon what matters to the listener. With good premises, however, even weak arguments can be highly effective.
A conclusion based on facts is referred to as an argument (i.e., premises). You must decide if these arguments are excellent or poor in order to assess them. However, "good" and "poor" are not only subjective judgments. A sensible evaluation, such as the F.E.L.T., should be used. The following are examples of excellent and poor arguments.
An excellent argument uses logic and facts to support its conclusion. If you were to read this argumentative essay, you would know that it is well structured and logically sound. It makes sense out of the facts given and proves its point convincingly. This argument is considered perfect because it follows the six-step formal argument structure: a main idea/topic, several reasons why it is important, one conclusion based on those reasons.
A good argument uses logic and facts to support its conclusion. If you were to read this essay, you would know that it is well structured and logically sound.
A poor argument fails to use facts or logic. It may make assumptions without providing evidence for these assumptions. This argumentative essay contains many examples of poor reasoning.
Argument teaches us to clarify our opinions and explain them honestly and properly, as well as to analyze the perspectives of others with respect and critical thinking. The goal of an argument is to persuade individuals to perform a specific action or behavior or to alter their minds. For this reason, it is said that argument is the most effective means of changing people's minds.
The study of arguments has a very long history. Plato was one of the first to discuss argumentation in his work "The Sophist". He believed that argument was crucial for justice to prevail over injustice and punished those who refused to argue their case fairly.
In the 17th century, Francis Bacon proposed that understanding how people reach conclusions about reality allows us to improve the quality of reasoning used by humans when arguing their cases. He also suggested that understanding how animals reach conclusions about reality can help scientists develop technologies that guide robots or computers how to make better decisions.
In the 20th century, philosophers such as Carl Gustav Hempel and Ernest Sosa developed theories on argument analysis that are still widely accepted today. They argued that to effectively analyze arguments we need to identify what kind of argument it is (for example, empirical evidence, logical proofs, persuasive speeches, etc.) and then study its components, such as facts, reasons, and conclusions.