Metaphors for the Weather The introduction of King's address employs analogies to contrast the promises of freedom made in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Emancipation Proclamation with their failure to secure such liberties for all. He then uses a weather metaphor that everyone is acquainted with. I think it's useful because it makes abstract ideas concrete; it gives listeners a way to understand what he's saying.
The metaphor of the mountain that must be climbed is also used by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. to explain how difficult it will be for America to overcome its racial divisions. Like any mountain, this one has many peaks and valleys, and it will take effort on our part as well as awareness from people like you and me to reach the top.
He also uses other metaphors to make his point: an elephant can't fit into a handbag, and a king can't serve two masters. These images are very familiar and simple to understand.
Finally, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. compares the struggle for civil rights to climbing a mountain. Both require hard work and determination, but more than that they require belief that you can succeed despite the odds being against you.
King says this about fighting discrimination: "This is no small task - and it's a job that must be done today if it is not to be left for tomorrow."
A metaphor is a frequent figure of speech in which one thing is compared to another: pleasure is a bright day, loneliness is a shut door, and coziness is a cat on your lap. This was most likely Martin Luther King's favorite rhetorical tactic. Metaphors can greatly enhance our understanding of something that we might otherwise find difficult to understand or appreciate.
In his famous "I Have A Dream" speech, delivered on August 28, 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial, Dr. Martin Luther King uses a variety of images and metaphors to get his audience to think about their rights and responsibilities as citizens. Here are the three main ones:
First, he compares their struggle to that of other civil rights leaders before them. He says they are fighting for freedom and justice for all people, not just for black people but also for white people and others who have been excluded from these freedoms.
Second, he describes their fight as a battle against injustice and inequality. He says that even though they may be suffering discrimination because of their race, they are not alone. There are many people around them who support their cause.
Finally, he asks them to imagine what life would be like if everyone had these same rights. He says that they should dream big dreams and work hard so that they can become reality someday.
King's letter employs biblical references to draw parallels between himself and biblical figures in the intention of justifying his nonviolent protest and bolstering his argument that, unlike them, he is truly implementing God's purpose. He uses examples such as Moses' refusal to be called a prophet (which was interpreted by some Jews as a threat to their existence) or Paul's imprisonment on several occasions without resorting to violence to prove his point.
Furthermore, King refers to himself as "a servant of servants" which is an obvious reference to Jesus who said "I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father but through me." (John 14:6). This implies that King believes he serves the same role as Jesus in bringing about social change.
Finally, King says he has been "instructed by God" to engage in nonviolent protest which is another way of saying that God has inspired him to do so.
In conclusion, King uses biblical figures to justify his claim to have a divine mission and to encourage others to follow his example.