Plato's idea of mimesis (imitation) states that the arts deal with illusion and are an imitation of an imitation. As a result, they are two steps distant from reality. Plato despises poetry as a moralist because it is immoral; as a philosopher, he despises it because it is built on deception. For him, the poet lies in order to persuade the audience that what he says is true.
Poetry has been described as the language of the soul because it can express those ideas and feelings which cannot be put into words. It can do this by using images and metaphors instead of strict prose. This ability of poetry to capture the mind and heart of its reader/listener is what makes it so appealing.
Plato believes that poets take advantage of our natural desire for truth and happiness by lying to us. They know that if they tell the truth about life, love, and happiness they will not be able to sell their poems. Therefore, they create fictitious heroes and heroines who are in constant battle with pain and misery but always come out on top in the end. Through these fictional characters, the poets try to convince the audience that love conquers all, even death. However, Plato thinks that we should not believe everything we read in poems because there are many cases where the opposite is true. For example, someone may write a poem about how much she loves her husband or how happy she is, but actually she is having an affair.
You'd think a philosopher like Plato would admire literary art, but he actively condemned it, along with other types of mimesis. He calls it "the most harmful of all arts" and says it is responsible for making people selfish and greedy.
Plato's argument against poetry is twofold: first, it has the potential to deceive even the wise, so it should not be allowed in society as a whole; second, even if some poets had the truth about things, this wouldn't make them worthy of respect, since poetry is by its nature fictional. According to Plato, only philosophers are capable of dealing with reality as it is, so they have no need for poetry.
Plato also attacks music and drama. Like poetry, they are both forms of imitation (music imitates sound and dance imitates movement), and thus liable to lead people to adopt some of the values they express. For example, music can encourage people to act unjustly or immoderately, while drama can cause them to want to improve their cities through political action. Therefore, like poetry, music and drama should not be allowed in ancient Athens, where education should focus exclusively on philosophy.
Artistic philosophy Mimesis in Art as Representation Plato initially defined art as "mimesis," which means "copying or imitation" in Greek. As a result, for centuries, the main concept of art was defined as the portrayal or duplication of anything beautiful or meaningful. However, over time, artists began to expand the definition of art.
In his book The Aesthetic Theory, German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche argued that true art is not imitative but rather creates new values. He believed that what makes art great is its ability to stimulate and encourage people to think critically about life themselves. This is why he called art "the language of the future."
American artist Jackson Pollock developed his own style of painting that evolved into abstract expressionism. Unlike most artists of his time who painted in detail from nature, Pollock used large amounts of liquid paint to create his works. This technique became the basis for many modern paintings today.
Finally, French painter Jacques-Louis David is regarded as one of the founders of modern art. His famous paintings include a portrait of George Washington which is now on display at the National Gallery in London.
Overall, artistic philosophy Mimesis in Art as Representation states that everything that exists in reality can be considered art. Thus, if you ask anyone what art is, this is how they will answer you.
Plato, in this painting, feels that art perverts and corrupts: because it is just "imitation," it attaches us to the wrong things—things of this world rather than everlasting Forms—and portrays terrible and immoral behavior on the part of the gods and humans as if it were normal or admirable.
However, he also believes that art has a role to play in educating people and that a poor understanding of it leads to evil actions. He says that artists should be paid well but also that they should be free to explore other subjects too, since their main job is to stimulate thought not to instruct directly. Finally, he argues that true art is only produced by professionals, while most people can only do imitations which are therefore inferior.
These are just some of the many views that have been offered about art over time. It is safe to say that nobody really knows what art is or how it should be used, since it is such a personal thing. What's more, even those who claim to know something about it still disagree on certain issues. For example, some philosophers believe that art is completely separate from reality while others argue that it is exactly that: real! And some think that music is art while others don't. Then there are those who consider writing to be a form of art too. So, art is a very broad term and it's difficult to define precisely what it is and how it should be used.
Plato's three major criticisms of poetry are that it is not ethical, philosophical, or pragmatic. In other words, he was opposed to poetry from three perspectives: educational, intellectual, and moral. Poetry seduces the reader into experiencing unpleasant feelings. It distracts him from serious issues by making them seem amusing or exciting. Finally, it causes people to act against their better judgment.
In Plato's view, poetry has a negative effect on society. It attracts people away from what matters most in life by offering easy pleasures that provide no real benefit. This is why Socrates objects to poetry at the trial of Theorus for corrupting young people by singing and dancing before them.
In addition to this, poetry is ineffective as an educational tool because it tends to be vague and subjective, which makes it difficult to understand or apply correctly. Finally, poetry can never offer true guidance because it is bound by rules that are beyond its control. All it can do is imitate reality but never fully represent it.
Thus, poetry is inferior to philosophy in every respect. It cannot give us knowledge, it does not help us understand ourselves or our world, and it lacks any moral value.
Socrates used his power as one of Athens' leading citizens to criticize poetry in public.