The preceding snippet is derived from Dr. Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail," and the author adds the supplied phrases to "promote or stimulate the understanding of black nationalists."
King was arrested on April 16, Birmingham City Jail for violating an Alabama law that made it illegal to organize a boycott against racial discrimination. In his letter from jail, he argues that the arrest and charge are unjust and calls for his supporters not to rally around him but instead to support the black community's efforts toward civil rights.
In addition to being considered one of the most important documents in the history of black nationalism, King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail" has been cited by many other leaders in the movement as inspiration for their own letters writing campaigns. It has been quoted by Malcolm X, Harry Belafonte, and Jesse Jackson among others.
The correct answer is D. Martin Luther King's goal in writing "Letter from Birmingham Jail" was to "defend his techniques against ecclesiastical criticism." Martin Luther King Jr. addressed the letter to a group of white clergy who were criticizing MLK Jr.'s activities in Birmingham, Alabama. The letter was published in a local newspaper and also delivered by mail to influential ministers across the country.
Here is how King responded to those who had criticized his efforts in Birmingham:
1. We should begin with an examination of our own practices and procedures to see if they are just and fair.
2. If we find that there is a need for change, we should seek out peaceful avenues for achieving it.
3. Finally, we must avoid condemning someone else's behavior while failing to condemn similar actions among us. You cannot be seen as a champion of civil rights while ignoring racial violence within your own community.
The aim of King's letter was not to justify his actions but to defend his tactics against ecclesiastical criticism. He recognized that his efforts would be judged by a higher standard because he was a preacher who spoke for God. Thus, he wanted to explain why he was acting like one of them before all these white clergy members so they would understand his methods and reasons behind them.
Martin Luther King Jr. wrote "Letter from Birmingham City Jail" to react to a group of white clergy who had attacked his use of nonviolent civil disobedience in Birmingham, Alabama. The letter is considered one of the most important documents in American history.
In April 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. led a campaign of non-violent protest against segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. Opposed by police officers and local residents, King was arrested several times for violating state segregation laws. In jail, he received news that four young African Americans had been killed by police officers in Albany, Georgia. These events inspired King to write "Letter from Birmingham City Jail". First published in Jet magazine as a letter to its readers, it called on citizens to support his efforts and not to be swayed by violence from groups like the Ku Klux Klan.
The letter has been cited by many leaders including Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, and Abraham Lincoln. It has also been used as evidence by scholars in their studies of leadership, social change, and morality.
Martin Luther King Jr. combats racism in his "Letter from Birmingham City Jail" by promoting the cause of nonviolent resistance, equating diverse groups of people rather than segregating them, and summoning individuals to action who have kept silent out of a desire for social order.
King argues that violence is not the way to fight oppression, and instead proposes a non-violent campaign aimed at bringing about change through legislation and education. He also asserts that individual acts of defiance can create a climate of resistance that enables more radical actions to be taken without incurring excessive punishment.
Finally, he calls on his fellow clergy members to join him in his campaign against segregation. Although King writes this letter while he is imprisoned, it soon leads to further activism and eventually to his death. The "Letter from Birmingham Jail" has been cited by many leaders including Gandhi, Mandela, and Obama, who called it "an eloquent plea for justice."