The active voice is employed in the majority of non-scientific writing. Using active voice for the bulk of your sentences ensures that your meaning is apparent to readers and that your sentences do not become overly confusing or wordy. Even in scientific writing, using the passive voice excessively might obscure the meaning of your statements. However, if you want to highlight certain words or phrases, using the passive voice can be effective.
In addition to being common sense, these are some reasons why active voice is preferable to passive voice:
It is easier to understand. If a sentence is in passive voice, then it is difficult to determine exactly who or what is doing the acting. The reader cannot tell whether the subject of the sentence is male or female, singular or plural. Using active voice allows for these distinctions to be made clear from the context of the sentence itself.
It is clearer when seeking emphasis. If you want to draw attention to a particular word or phrase, using active voice can help achieve this goal. By adding an extra word ("not"), the meaning of the sentence is altered completely from what was originally intended. In this case, reading is done by the book, but which book is not clear.
The active voice is a sentence structure that emphasizes the person who performs an activity. Until recently, this tone was regarded as advantageous for scientific writing, and writers were strongly counseled to avoid using the active voice, particularly the words "I" and "we," in their academic research articles. Today, however, many researchers believe that the use of the active voice can be effective when writing about subjects such as science where objectivity is important.
In English, the active voice is used when you are describing an action being performed by someone or something. For example, "The book was read by everyone" rather than "Everyone read the book." In academic writing, using the active voice can be beneficial because it shows that you are not involved in the events you are reporting on. This makes your readers feel like they are watching a movie instead of reading a book, which may help them understand your report better. However, there are times when authors may want to use the passive voice instead; this will be discussed below.
Active voice usage is very common in newspapers and other media reports because it indicates a first-person account of what happened. This style is useful when you are describing events that unfolded quickly without any involvement from the writer, for example, news stories about crimes or accidents. Using the active voice in this context means that "someone shot someone else" rather than "Someone was shot by someone else."
In research writing, how to use the active and passive voice
When you use active voice in your writing, the subject comes first and performs the action that the remainder of the phrase portrays. In most circumstances, utilizing active voice results in shorter, sharper sentences that are simpler to follow for the reader. Active voice is used frequently in journalism and advertising because it allows for greater clarity in the writing process.
In addition to being clear, using active voice can also help to establish authority in a piece of writing. Because the reader knows who or what the subject of the sentence is, they will assume certain roles within the text - such as consumer or viewer - which gives the writer authority over them. This means that individuals who want to write clearly and effectively should use active voice rather than passive voice whenever possible.
Finally, active voice is necessary in order to create different types of tension within a sentence. For example, if I wanted to express the idea that "Sara is happy that Mary has been hired as her new assistant", I could not do so with certainty until I revealed who "she" was. Only at this point would the reader know that "she" was Sara and that she was happy about the fact that Mary had been hired.
Thus, using a female pronoun as the object of a verb is essential in order to create tension between the subject and object of a sentence.