Major works' qualities Dostoevsky is most known for his novella Notes from the Underground as well as four large novels: Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Possessed (also and more appropriately known as The Demons and The Devils), and The Brothers Karamazov. These books are often referred to as the "Russian Brontë" due to their dark and tragic plots involving crime, punishment, and redemption.
Dostoevsky's work was a major influence on many modern writers including Franz Kafka, Thomas Hardy, James Joyce, and Vladimir Nabokov. His ideas on human nature, guilt, and responsibility have been widely discussed and continue to attract readers around the world.
Dostoevsky is also famous for having undergone a mental breakdown while serving a prison sentence in 1869-1870. During this time he was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia but managed to finish writing all of the works mentioned above while still suffering from hallucinations and delusions.
After his release from prison he moved to St. Petersburg where he lived in poverty for several years before dying of tuberculosis in 1881 at the age of 47.
Although he was not initially interested in literature, Dostoevsky became one of Russia's most important authors over time.
Crime and Punishment (1866), The Idiot (1869), Demons (1872), and The Brothers Karamazov were among his most renowned writings (1880). Dostoevsky's oeuvre includes 12 novels, four novellas, 16 short tales, and a number of additional works. He was also very involved in politics, being a supporter of liberal causes such as women's rights and workers' compensation laws.
After graduating from the St. Petersburg Medical School in 1841, Dostoevsky began working in hospitals while continuing to study literature and philosophy. It was here that he came into contact with some of Russia's leading intellectuals of the time, including Mikhail Bakunin and Vladimir Lenin.
In 1849 Dostoevsky married Anna Grigorievna Snitkina, with whom he had three children. The marriage ended in divorce in 1857. In 1864 he married again, this time to Varvara Gagarina, with whom he had another three children. This second marriage, too, ended in divorce five years later.
During this time Dostoevsky became increasingly interested in issues surrounding crime and punishment. His first novel, Poor Folk (1846), is a satirical look at the prison system in Russia at the time.
Crime and Punishment (1866), The Idiot (1869), Demons (1872), and The Brothers Karamazov are among his most recognized works (1880). Dostoevsky's corpus includes 11 novels, three novellas, 17 short tales, and a variety of additional works. Many literary critics regard him as one of the world's best psychiatrists. His intimate knowledge of the Russian criminal justice system and his explorations of human motivation in the context of crime and punishment render his work relevant even today.
Dostoevsky was born into a poor family in Moscow but enjoyed success while still a young man with his first novel, Poor Folk (1846). He married late in life and had a daughter, but he remained unmarried until age 40, when he married a younger woman. Overwhelmed by debt, he moved to St. Petersburg where he worked as an editor for a newspaper and began writing novels. Although most of his work was not appreciated during his lifetime, it has been revived recently upon re-evaluation by scholars and critics.
His main character, Raskolnikov, commits murder to satisfy his own personal sense of morality and seeks forgiveness from God before his death. This novel has been cited as an influence on many writers from Hermann Hesse to Bret Easton Ellis.
Another famous work by Dostoevsky is The Idiot, which follows the life of an intelligent but idiotic man named Dmitry "Idiot" Ivanov.
As a result, I believe Dostoevsky is a literary genius! His psychological studies of the human mind in connection to moral issues are unequaled. You may read his works over and over again and always discover something fresh in them. "Crime and Punishment" is one of the greatest novels ever written. It's astounding how much detail the author manages to include in this work!
Besides being a great writer, Dostoevsky was also a social critic who saw things in society that other people missed. He predicted many major events of the time including the Russian revolution. And yet he was persecuted by the government for his ideas!
I think it's safe to say that Dostoevsky is one of the most important writers in world history.