F. Scott Fitzgerald was a 20th-century American novelist and short-story writer. Despite the fact that he wrote four novels and over 150 short stories throughout his career, he is arguably best recognized for his third work, The Great Gatsby (1925). The Great Gatsby is largely regarded today as "the great American book."
Fitzgerald's influence on American literature has been immense: from him have come many other novelists who have taken America as their subject matter and who have used his techniques and styles. He is considered the father of the modern American novel.
In addition to being one of the most influential American writers of the past century, he is also noted for his turbulent personal life and his addiction to alcohol and drugs. These factors have made it difficult for scholars to assess accurately his contribution to American literature.
He is considered important to American literature because he was one of the first American authors to succeed in selling books across the Atlantic Ocean, and because he showed interest in all aspects of American culture including politics, society, and music.
Furthermore, he identified problems with authority figures such as presidents, professors, and parents which led many readers to see him as a voice of truth. This aspect of his work made him popular among young people who wanted to know what was really going on in society despite the fact that he sometimes expressed these views through satirical narratives full of irony.
Fitzgerald and his family relocated to Europe in May 1924. He kept working on his third novel, The Great Gatsby, which would eventually become his magnum opus. However, due to health problems he had to return to America later that year. He died at the age of 41 in December 1925.
While in Europe, Fitzgerald also wrote a series of articles for various American newspapers. These articles were later compiled into two books: Apartment 16B and Paris Dreams. Both books contain fiction written by Fitzgerald while he was still working on Gatsby.
He returned to America in September 1924 but soon decided not to go back to New York. Instead, he moved with his family to Santa Monica where he planned to take long summer vacations. In California, he worked on several projects including another book called Tenderness Trail. But due to financial difficulties he had to leave California again and move back to New York City. There, he tried to find work as a writer for magazines but was only able to sell one story.
In March 1925, just a few months before his death, Fitzgerald published an article called "The Crack-Up" in the New Yorker magazine. This article is considered by many critics to be one of the first signs of the beginning of the end for Fitzgerald as a great writer.
Fitzgerald, full name Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, (born September 24, 1896 in St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.—died December 21, 1940 in Hollywood, California), was an American short-story writer and novelist best known for his depictions of the Jazz Age (the 1920s), with his most brilliant novel being The Great Gatsby (1925).
He worked as a reporter and editor for newspapers in Chicago and New York before settling in Paris where he wrote for several publications including the Saturday Evening Post and Harper's Bazaar.
His stories are characterized by their attention to detail and their use of language that was popular at the time they were written. Many of his characters are drawn from real life and some of his novels include elements of biography.
Fitzgerald's personal life was also filled with drama and tragedy. His wife Zelda and son Scottie died during his lifetime, and his father became mentally ill after being accused of murder. Although financially successful, Fitzgerald suffered from depression all his life and committed suicide at the age of 44.
Since his death, many books have been published about his life and work including two biographies by John Updike that have become classics themselves: The Last Tycoon (1976) and My Life in Books (1980).
Many other writers have cited him as an influence including Raymond Chandler, Henry Miller, and James Joyce.
F. Scott Fitzgerald is a characterisation master. His meticulous attention to detail brings The Great Gatsby's characters to life. He instills each character with a sense of feeling, vitality, and emotion, making the reader a participant in the tale.
Fitzgerald uses many techniques to give his characters depth. He shows us through their actions what they want, who they are, and how they feel about things. By doing this, he makes them seem real and alive.
Also, Fitzgerald knows how important first impressions are, so he gives the reader insight into each character's mind by describing their appearance. This helps the reader understand why each person acts as they do without having to read between the lines of a lot of exposition.
Finally, although The Great Gatsby is a fictional story, much of what happens in it can be found in reality. For example, there was a party called The Roaring 20's that was all over America and Europe where people dressed up in costume and had fun. It was also popular for people to buy new cars then sell them again after just one use because they were expensive. All these things actually happened!
Fitzgerald describes all these events and more during the course of the book, which makes them seem like actual experiences that people could have had at the time.