The nation also has a significant literary legacy, including poets like Reza Mohammadi and Khaled Hosseini. Unfortunately, as a result of the Taliban regime's rise and catastrophic conflicts, literacy rates in Afghanistan are among the lowest in the world, at around 45 percent for males and 17 percent for women.
During the 1980s, Islamic law was introduced into public schools across Afghanistan, causing teachers to be discouraged from educating girls. This rule was reinforced by the Taliban, who took control of the country in 1996 and abolished female education. They believed that giving women an equal chance of learning would do damage to their chances of being successful in society.
There are many factors behind Afghanistan's low female literacy rate, but one of the biggest barriers is the lack of funding. Because there is no state support for education, students' families have to pay for their children to go to school, which is why most boys attend. When schools cannot charge fees, they tend to close their doors.
Another reason for low female literacy rates can be found within Afghan culture itself. In parts of rural Afghanistan, such as Qala-e-Jangli (the valley of gold) in Badakhshan province, it is common for young men to hire prostitutes so that they can marry early. The reasoning behind this practice is that if a man can afford to hire a prostitute, then he must be rich and powerful and thus worthy of marrying.
43.02 percentage According to UNESCO, the adult literacy rate in Afghanistan is 43.02 percent. While male literacy rates are 55.48 percent, female literacy rates are 29.81 percent, indicating a significant gender difference. In compared to other nations, Afghanistan has a fairly low literacy rate. In 2017, the UN estimated that only 42% of the population had access to writing materials.
The new Afghan government's goal is to make education available to all children by 2018, which would increase the number of students enrolled in schools from current levels. However, there are still many barriers preventing many children from attending school, such as the lack of resources like textbooks and teaching aids, and violence committed against educators by local militia groups.
In conclusion, Afghanistan has one of the lowest literacy rates among countries. There is a large gap between men and women in terms of literacy rates. Many children are not able to attend school because they need to work to support their families.
The distribution of the dots in Figure 1 clearly illustrates that in most nations, female literacy is lower than male literacy. Only 12.6 percent of Afghan women over the age of 15 can read and write, compared to 43.1 percent of men. The female literacy rate in Chad is 12.8 percent, whereas the male literacy rate is 40.8 percent. In Yemen, it is estimated that only 7.4 percent of women can read and write, while 46.7 percent of men can do so.
There are three main factors that influence the difference between the literacy rates of women and men: social norms, gender roles, and access to education. Social norms refer to the set of beliefs about how men and women should act or speak. Many countries with low female literacy also have low male literacy, which suggests that there are many people who believe that women should not be allowed to learn to read and write. These countries often have poor educational systems and lack opportunity for women. Gender roles include the traditional division of labor between men and women. In many societies, this role division comes down to physical strength being considered a suitable qualification for men to be able to read and write. This is why we usually find more educated men than women. Access to education includes all of the factors that determine whether a person has chance to learn how to read and write. It can be difficult for someone from a poor family, without any education or training, to get a job in an office where computers are used.
The literacy disparity between male and female adults is larger than 30% in four countries: Yemen (male literacy rate of 73.1 percent, female literacy rate of 34.7 percent, difference 38.4 percent), Central African Republic (male literacy rate of 64.8 percent, female literacy rate of 33.5 percent, difference 32.3 percent), Afghanistan male literacy rate of 43.1 percent, female literacy rate of 12.6, difference...
The other 16 countries have a gender gap of less than 10 percentage points. Six of these countries are in Asia: India (male literacy rate of 74.4 percent, female literacy rate of 59.0 percent, difference 15.4 percent), the Philippines (male literacy rate of 85.7 percent, female literacy rate of 70.0 percent, difference 15.7 percent), Indonesia (male literacy rate of 82.4 percent, female literacy rate of 72.4 percent, difference 9.0 percent), Pakistan (male literacy rate of 61.4 percent, female literacy rate of 49.0 percent, difference 11.4 percent), Bangladesh (male literacy rate of 62.2 percent, female literacy rate of 47.0 percent, difference 14.2 percent).
The other two countries are in Africa: Ethiopia (male literacy rate of 63.0 percent, female literacy rate of 35.0 percent, difference 27.0 percent), Liberia (male literacy rate of 77.0 percent, female literacy rate of 52.0 percent, difference 24.0 percent).