Homer's most significant contribution to Greek civilization was the establishment of a shared set of ideals that entrenched the Greeks' own notions about themselves. His writings established a permanent paradigm of valor, nobility, and the good life to which many Greeks, particularly aristocrats, adhered. His poems also preserved much of what was already known about ancient Greece.
Homer's influence on later philosophers, poets, and artists was enormous. Plato named one of his disciples after Homer and another wrote a book praising him. Aristotle cited him frequently and there are indications that some early Christians believed that Jesus was inspired by Homer.
Homer's importance lies not only in his own time but also in subsequent centuries. His poetry has always been popular among Europeans and continues to be so today. He has been called the father of European literature.
When Alexander the Great invaded India in 326 B.C., he took with him copies of Homer's works, which had been translated into Sanskrit. The originals were returned to Greece when Alexander's general Parmenion brought them back from India.
One of these storytellers was thought to be Homer. His poetry were composed about 535 B.C.E. and provided insight into life. Greeks regarded his poems as important since they brought Greeks together and shared their common history. Homer felt strongly about honor, honesty, morality, compassion, loyalty, and dedication. These are the values that made up the foundation of Greek culture.
Homer's influence on Greek culture was enormous. His songs at a time when most people couldn't read or write helped spread awareness about leadership qualities, courage, friendship, and patriotism. It is believed that this oral tradition may have been what made Greece so successful early on in world history. Without this expertise in storytelling, it is possible that many people would have never learned about these important topics.
In addition to being a poet, musician, and singer, Homer also played the lyre. The lyre was a stringed instrument used by people in ancient Greece for singing and dancing. It is possible that he served as a priest to Apollo before becoming a poet. There are several theories about who Homer might have been but none of them have been proven true. For example, some believe him to be an actual person while others think he is a fictional character. No matter what role he played, it is known that he told stories about kings, warriors, and gods which helped shape the future of Greece.
Homer was the most significant and early Greek and Roman author. Greeks and Romans did not consider themselves learned until they had memorized his poetry. His work had an impact not just on literature, but also on ethics and morals, as lessons from his works were taught. He was also influential in establishing Greece and Italy as powerful nations.
Homer's importance lies in his being the first great poet of his country and the father of history as we know it. Before him, men told myths and stories about their ancestors, but he is the first to show us what these people were like in reality: fighting, loving, hating. He is the first to show us that humans are not always noble nor evil, but sometimes they do very good things or bad things without any reason at all. Thus, he made humanity worthy of attention for the first time.
Furthermore, he is considered the founder of epic poetry, which means long poems dealing with great events or myths. This genre became very popular in Ancient Greece, especially after the eighth century B.C., when many poets produced works such as The Iliad and The Odyssey. These poems described in detail some famous battles and voyages which helped people understand how wars were started and traveled across countries, and thus prevented them form happening again. They also gave advice for leaders who would listen to their soldiers' complaints or praises.