The Homeric poems (the Iliad and the Odyssey) are epic because they are the source of our idea of epic. Because the majority of the Iliad involves fights during the Trojan War, it is also classified as a war play. The Odyssey is a story about a man who goes on a quest after being thrown into prison by his king. So in answer to your question, the Iliad is an epic because it is about fighting in a war and taking part in events from which mythology has sprung for many generations afterwards.
Epics are stories that usually involve great battles between armies of mythological figures or real people. They often include characters such as gods, kings, and warriors. Epics are told by bards who travel with these armies to entertain them with songs that may be about battles or other events. These songs are called epics.
In order to write an epic, a poet needs to understand how to organize a poem. One way poets do this is by dividing up their poems into stanzas. A stanza is a section of a poem that includes lines of poetry that can be thought of as blocks or building blocks of the entire work.
Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey, both of which recount the events of the Trojan War and King Odysseus' journey home from Troy, are two of the most well-known epic works. These were composed in Epic Greek (also known as Homeric Greek), although the dates of composition are uncertain. The Iliad consists of 24 books and The Odyssey has 26 chapters.
Both poems are narrative histories that follow central characters through various events as they struggle to achieve their goals. The Iliad focuses on Prince Hector, who is killed by Achilles after being caught lying on the battlefield. Book 21 of the poem describes how Apollo, who is angry with Zeus for making humans in his image, takes revenge on Hector at the command of Athena. He kills Hector with a spear as he sleeps in his tent after having been wounded in battle.
Book 22 of the Iliad is called "The Catalogue of Ships", because it lists all of the fighting forces that have taken part in the war up until this point. It is here that we learn that Achilles is alive and hiding in the nearby city of Troy, while Odysseus is sailing away from the battlefield with only his faithful crew members left behind.
In the Odyssey, Odysseus tries to reach Ithaca, where his family lives, but encounters many dangers along the way. His quest for home life and death.
Homer's epic poem The Iliad was composed in Greek. It depicts the final year of the Trojan War, which was fought between the city of Troy and the Greeks. The Iliad is made up of 24 books or "strophes" (in ancient Greek literature, a strophe was a verse line). Books 11 and 12 are lost to us but there were probably more back then just as there are now. The Iliad is told from the point of view of Homer's character Achilles.
In order for us to understand what happened in the Trojan War, we need to know something about its background. So let's go over some basic facts about Troy and the Trojan War.
Troy was a city in what is now Turkey. In ancient times it was called Ilius or Tiryns. The first known inhabitants of Troy were a people named Hittites who arrived around 1450 B.C. They were eventually replaced by Achaeans who came from Greece. Around 1200 B.C., the Achaean invaders built their own city on top of the Hittite one and this became known as Troy VI. By 1000 B.C., there were other groups living in Troy including Phrygians, Lydians, and Carians.
Homer's epic poem The Iliad offers a unique glimpse into both Greek history and the establishment of a Greek identity. The Iliad not only promotes a historical knowledge of Greek identity, but it also serves as a modern-day lesson on combat. Through the character of Achilles, The Iliad explores the nature of courage and bravery in battle.
The Iliad is famous for its detailed description of war. Filled with violence and death, the poem also contains some of the most memorable characters in world literature: Hector, the hero of the Trojan War; Achilles, his invincible rival; and Paris, who becomes the cause of the war between Greece and Troy. It is estimated that more than half of those who have read The Iliad have learned about their own country from it.
In addition to being one of the most important sources for ancient history, The Iliad has been influential in defining what it means to be Greek. The poem presents a clear image of heroism as something that is not just for men: women also have a role to play in battle, which is unusual for its time. It is also believed that many passages in The Iliad have inspired later writers to create their own works.
Finally, The Iliad has had an enormous influence on culture throughout history. It is considered the first true international work, since it features characters from both Greeks and Trojans.