In Flanders Fields was first published in the English magazine Punch in December 1915. Within a few months, this poem had come to represent the sacrifice of those who fought in the First World War. John McCrae died of sickness on January 28, 1918, and is buried in Wimereux Cemetery in Boulogne, France.
McCrae's friend and colleague, Canadian artist J. E. Ivens, designed a medal for distribution to Canadians who served in the war. Ivens' design featured an image of the field near Ypres where these medals were awarded. It is believed that this is how the first version of In Flanders Fields came to be known.
The popularity of this poem grew over time, and it is now considered one of the most iconic poems in history. Many people think of it when they hear about acts of kindness toward injured veterans by people who want to help them feel better after losing their lives fighting for their countries.
In 2009, In Flanders Fields was chosen as Canada's official war remembrance poem at a special ceremony held at Parliament Hill. The president of France presented a copy of the poem to the prime minister of Canada at this event.
As well as being used in schools, churches, and military ceremonies, In Flanders Fields is also often sung. A recording of this song has been included in many compilations of patriotic songs.
In May 1915, on the day after the death of a fellow soldier, John McCrae scribbled the poem "In Flanders Fields" on a piece of paper. He had no idea that those 13 phrases would become ingrained in the hearts and brains of everybody who wore them. Today, two lines of the poem are engraved in a field in Ypres, Belgium, where World War I battles were fought. The rest is history: It has been reported that millions of copies have been read around the world.
During World War I, Europe's most beloved poet was 30-year-old Canadian John McCrae. Inspired by the beauty of the battlefield, where the blood of countless soldiers was spilled, McCrae wrote about his feelings for France and Canada. The poem went on to become one of the best-known poems in history.
In 1940, during World War II, another Canadian named John McCrae wrote an epilogue to his poem. This time, he wrote about the horrors of war and how people should never forget them. The second version of the poem is now used as an opening ceremony at Flanders Fields events across the world.
Flanders is a region in Belgium. Field is a plain in Flanders that has been fought over for much of human history. Ypres is the capital of West Flanders. These are just some of the places that can be found in Flanders Fields.
He is widely known for his war tribute poem "In Flanders Fields"...
|Occupation||Poet, physician, author, Lieutenant Colonel of the Canadian Expeditionary Force|
|Known for||Author of “In Flanders Fields”|
In Flanders Fields, one of history's most renowned battle poems, was written by Canadian officer and physician John McCrae during the First World War in 1915. It contributed to the widespread acceptance of the red poppy as a symbol of memory. The poem can be read online.
It is known for its landscapes, cities, and museums. Battlefields account for much of the area's tourism today but it also has many galleries of modern art, castles, and churches.
McCrae wrote the poem while serving in Europe with the Royal Montreal Regiment. It describes the beauty of the battlefield before the war and mourns those who died. Today, the poppy fields cover Flanders' hills like "a field of crimson poppies wide and brown."
Flanders Fields are important because they are a reminder of the sacrifices made by people all over the world in times of conflict.
During World Wars I and II, more than a million people lost their lives in Flanders alone. The wars ended decades ago but the memories of those deaths have been passed on through songs, films, and other forms of media.
Flanders Fields are also important because they are a tourist attraction. People come from around the world to see where these battles were fought and what happened to certain sites.
Lieutenant Alexis Helmer, McCrae's companion, was killed in combat and buried in a temporary cemetery on May 2, 1915. Wild poppies were already blooming between the crosses that marked the numerous dead, and he was inspired the next day to write "In Flanders Fields." The poem was published in the Toronto Daily Star on May 5.
It was first set to music by Joseph Horne. A recording by Richard Harris with the Royal Scottish National Orchestra is available on CD entitled In Flanders Fields. A recording by Paul Hume with the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra is also available on DVD entitled Over the Top: Music from the Great War.
The poem has become an iconic symbol of sacrifice for our country and the world. Through his work, McCrae has been credited with creating a sense of nationalism among Canadians who had never thought about being British or American before. He has also been called the "Canadian Shakespeare" because of his influence on later poets such as Charles William Stoddart and Irving Layton.
McCrae himself said of the poem: "I did not write it, but I am proud that it speaks so well of Canada and its people."
It is believed that Lieutenant Helmer was killed near Ypres, Belgium, when a shell exploded right beside him. His body was taken back to Canada for burial.