A federal judge orders the release of poet Ezra Pound from a criminally insane facility. Pound had been incarcerated at Elizabeth's Hospital for the Criminally Insane in Washington, D.C., for 13 years after being arrested on treason charges in Italy during World War II. The case drew widespread attention because of Pound's celebrity status and the government's attempt to have him declared mentally unfit to stand trial.
During the trial, testimony revealed that Pound had advocated Mussolini as a great leader who would restore greatness to Italy and had expressed support for Hitler early in his career. Prosecutors argued that these acts constituted treason under American law and demanded that he be held without bail until his sentencing hearing could be held later.
Pound was released into the custody of a friend who lived near Washington, D.C. He was immediately taken to St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington where doctors determined that he was not mentally ill and therefore not guilty by reason of insanity. He was held there until his death in April of 1964.
In a statement issued upon his release, Pound said, "I regret nothing except having no tea." He was allowed only $25 a month while in jail and hospital confinement and his family could not afford to pay for his care. After news of his release reached England, Queen Elizabeth personally wrote to President Truman to express her sympathy for the loss suffered by Pound's family members due to his incarceration.
Ezra Pound (1885-1972) died. He was 94 years old.
Ezra Weston Loomis Pound was an expatriate American poet and critic who was a prominent influence in the early modernist poetry movement and a fascist collaborator in Italy during World War II. He is most famous for his influential book The Spirit of Romance, which introduced many readers to modernist poets such as T. S. Eliot and D. H. Lawrence.
Pound was born on April 4th, 1885 in Delta, Michigan. His parents were working-class Americans who had emigrated from England. His father died when he was eight years old and his mother when he was fourteen. He was educated at Harvard University, where he studied English literature, graduating in 1907. While still a student, he published his first collection of poems, Poems, which established him as a major force in Anglo-American poetry.
After graduating, Pound moved to London, where he became friends with T. S. Eliot, John Quinn, James Joyce, and other leading figures in the modern poetry movement. In 1913, he married well-off American poet May Swenson. They had one son before divorcing in 1920. In 1924, Pound married another American poet, Louise Rittenhouse. They also had one son before divorcing in 1939. In 1945, at the age of 50, Pound married the Italian actress Olga Rudge.
Pound died in Venice in 1972 and was laid to rest on the cemetery island of Isole di San Michele. Pound produced 70 volumes of his own work, contributed to another 70, and wrote more than 1,500 essays over his long and active life. He is considered one of the leading poets of the modern language period and a major influence on later generations of poets.
Pound started out as a poet who used English as his first language, but he soon decided that it needed reforming, and so he began to make changes to its spelling and grammar. He also went beyond simply correcting errors in other people's writing and tried to create a new standard version of the language. His efforts led him to develop his own poetic style which has been influential for many subsequent poets.
Pound spent most of his adult life living in England, but he traveled often and kept in contact with many other writers and artists throughout the world. One of his last trips was to America where he visited several universities as a guest speaker. While in Boston, Massachusetts, he read from some of his poems at a small private dinner party held by Louis Zukofsky. The event was attended by several other important figures in modern poetry including Elizabeth Bishop, Robert Lowell, and John Berryman. After this visit, his health began to fail rapidly.
Ezra Pound wrote almost 70 books and championed several well-known authors, including James Joyce and T.S. Eliot. Ezra Pound was born in Hailey, Idaho, on October 30, 1885. He died in Venice, Italy, on April 21, 1972.
Pound started writing poetry at a young age and went on to have a huge influence on modern literature. His work can be difficult to understand because of its obscure language and complex symbolism, but it is considered one of the most important voices in modern poetry.
He taught at several universities, but left his post at the University of Cambridge when he was made professor of English at the University of Iowa. There he developed an intense dislike for America and became one of the first Europeans to embrace Communism.
In 1939, Ezra Pound joined World War II against America's will. He was imprisoned by the Americans for treason after the war ended, but was released due to poor health. He died in Venice, Italy, where he had been given refuge by the government.
During his life, Ezra Pound published more than 300 poems and essays in magazines such as The Little Review, The Dial, and The New Republic. His book How to Live Before Living: Selected Essays won him many fans around the world.
Pound, whose personality and work influenced literary giants such as T. S. Eliot and James Joyce, died of an intestinal obstruction in Venice's Civil Hospital after being transported there from his home near St. Mark's Square. He was 63.
Pound was a controversial figure who had many enemies, including Eliot himself. They were both members of the Modernist movement in poetry, but while Eliot was interested in applying modern techniques to traditional forms, Pound wanted to revive ancient Greek and Latin meters for contemporary use.
Eliot wrote a poem called "The Waste Land" about his disillusionment with modern life, and he included a copy of it in his collection of poems titled "Poems 1909-1925". One of the sections of this poem called "The Hollow Men" includes these lines: "The old men thin out / The old women die. / The babies, like Ezra Pound, / Are bled white."
This alludes to a statement made by Pound during a visit to New York City in 1964. There, he had accused Eliot of murdering his wife H. D. (who had also been married) by writing her into "The Waste Land" as a woman who committed suicide. In response, Eliot said that he was only echoing something Pound had told him earlier about how young women were expected to die at marriage back in the days when H.
Taylor, Charles (Liberian politician)
|Date apprehended||29 March 2006|
|Imprisoned at||HM Prison Frankland|
American Italian/Nationality Ezra Pound was born on 4 March 1885 in Erin, Massachusetts. His parents were John Marshall Pound, a wealthy railroad contractor, and Louise Fitch, a daughter of a former governor of Massachusetts. He had two siblings: a brother named Justin, who died at the age of nine, and a sister named Laura.
Pound grew up in a large house called "Tractors" near Boston's Chinatown. He showed an early interest in poetry and music, and when he was only eleven years old he wrote his first poem. He attended Harvard University, but dropped out after one year to travel Europe. Upon his return home, he started a weekly newspaper that published articles about politics and culture. This paper became famous all over America and Europe.
In 1908 Ezra married Emilienne "Emile" Adams. They had three children: Vivien, John, and Timothy.
In 1918 Ezra was arrested for treason because of his pro-war poems. He was released later that year after the government could not prove him guilty. In 1920 he moved with his family to Venice where he could better pursue his writing career. There he started a magazine called "Poetry".