The king, Alfonso VI of Leon, had exiled him because the Cid was a staunch supporter of the monarch's opponent, Alfonso's brother, Sancho II of Castile. El Cid leaves Vivar with his followers (vassals) at the start of the poem; Vivar is his hamlet near Burgos. He returns to fight for King Ferdinand III of León and Castile after he defeats the armies of his rivals, the kings of Aragon and Navarre.
During his exile, El Cid writes his famous poem, which includes ideas on chivalry and the art of war. It also contains descriptions of battles and other events from Spanish history. The work has been called "the first European-style autobiography" because it gives details about El Cid's life in order to explain why he fought against Kings and why he lived as a refugee. Finally, it can be said that the Cid wrote his poem so people would know about his great deeds and encourage others to fight against injustice.
After several years in exile, El Cid returns to fight for King Ferdinand III. However, the two brothers do not get along well and in 1037, Alfonso attacks Ferdinand at the Battle of Maella where many people think that Ferdinand will be killed. When Alfonso sees that his brother is alive, he feels guilty and admits defeat. He then sends his son, Garcia, to be married to Ferdinand's daughter Urraca.
El Cid spends the remainder of his life affluent, content, and well-liked. ENotes Editorial 1341 last modified this page on May 5, 2015. King Alfonso VI of Castile bans the Cid from Christian Spain by royal proclamation. The king accuses him of supporting the Moors during their invasion of Spain, and says that the Cid has forfeited his rights to any more honors or gifts. He also orders all monuments and references to the Cid removed from public view.
Alfonso's decision is not necessarily a signal that he believes the Cid to be culpable of treason. It may simply be because of political expediency: wanting to show his subjects that he is willing to fight against the invaders even if they are allies of his parents. However, it can't be denied that the king had good reason to fear the Cid. In 1043, while still serving as regent for his infant son Ferdinand II, Alfonso I defeats the Muslim forces of Caliph Al-Mustadi in the Battle of Sagrajas. This victory establishes his authority over much of Spain. In return, Alfonso I grants Sultan Muhammad IV an annual tribute to stop further invasions into Europe. But instead of stopping at this agreement, the sultan soon after sends his son Tariq to invade Castile.
Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, better known as "El Cid," was a medieval Spanish military captain who rose to notoriety by liberating Valencia from Muslim rule and defeating a massive Almoravid invading army. Despite the fact that the historical El Cid was a mercenary who fought for both Christian and Muslim masters at various points in his life, he is still regarded as a national hero in Spain.
Born in 1043 in the town of Elda, in the valley of the River Ebro in Aragon, Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar grew up to be a son of a wealthy landowner. He showed an interest in arms from an early age and was taught how to use a sword by a professional warrior when he was only 12 years old. At the age of 21, he joined the forces of Ramiro I, king of Aragon, and after serving him well in several battles, he was given his own command. In 1093, while fighting the Muslims on behalf of King William II of England, El Cid was captured by their enemies, the Moors. He was held prisoner for three years before being released in a diplomatic deal between the two countries. Upon his return to Europe, he was received with honor by William II and Richard III, the king of England.
With his reputation restored, El Cid went on to have more success against the Muslims. In 1105, he led an army of 7,000 men into Valencia, where he liberated the city from its Moorish rulers.
Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar (c. 1043–10 July 1099) was a Castilian knight and warrior in medieval Spain who became known as El Cid by the Moors and El Campeador by the Christians. He was born in the town of Vivar del Cid, near Burgos. Little is known with certainty about his life, but it is believed that he began his career around 1045 when he joined an army led by Sancho I of Navarre to recover Pamplona from the Moors. In 1054, at the age of 24, he participated in another campaign against the Moors in Granada. The following year, he went on expedition with Alfonso VI of León and Castile against the Muslims but did not take part in battles.
In 1066, after the death of Sancho I, he returned home to assume the throne but was defeated and imprisoned by Ferdinand III of Leon. After his release, he fled to France where he met King Philip I. Together, they invaded Leon and restored Alvar Fáñez de Castro to the throne. In 1068, El Cid led an army of Castilians and Basques against Ferdinand III but was defeated at the battle of Uclaux. Later that year, he made peace with Ferdinand and agreed to leave politics. He spent the rest of his life in military campaigns against the Moors. He died at the battle of Calice (near Valencia) in 1099.
Rodrigo was known as El Cid by the Moors and El Campeador ("the champion") by his compatriots for his military ability in multiple fights against Sancho's brother, Alfonso VI, king of Lon.ds.
He was also called Roderigo or Rodrigo Diaz de Alarcón because of these names' similarity to his own (Ruy Diaz de Alarcon).
El Cid has been described as one of history's most important leaders because of his role in the expansion of Spain. He fought against the Moorish invaders who had taken over much of Europe at that time, resulting in him becoming one of the first Spanish commanders to use modern tactics. Before El Cid, warriors were usually ordered to attack a fortress wall en masse, whether they could breach it or not. But El Cid learned that soldiers are more useful when used effectively in groups, so he invented new forms of combat to encourage his troops to follow his orders. For example, he would have banners made with symbols that would attract particular types of soldiers, such as a red flag for men-at-arms or a white flag for priests. These banners would be carried into battle by certain classes of soldier, who would then be expected to fight alongside El Cid.
The first action taken by the Cid was to eradicate the influence of the counts of Barcelona in that territory. When Berenguer Ramon II was humiliatingly beaten at Tebar, near Teruel, this was done (May 1090). During the next years, the Cid increasingly strengthened his grip on Valencia and its king, al-Qadir, who was now his subject. He imposed taxes on the city's inhabitants and revenues from mines.
El Cid began as a military leader but soon established himself as an administrator and politician. He introduced legislation into the local assembly which granted equal rights to citizens regardless of class or religion. He also built many hospitals for sick people without money enough to pay doctors. He gave jobs to unemployed people, raised wages, and reduced prices for goods. All this made Valencia one of the most prosperous cities of Europe at that time.
When al-Qadir died in 1104, the new king's brother, Arnau Roger, wanted to get rid of the Cid but failed because of the popular support he received. So, he decided to compromise by making the Cid prince of Valencia instead. The Cid agreed and was made ruler of all the territories held by the viscounts of Béarn.
As prince, the Cid continued to fight against the counts of Barcelona but also took part in several campaigns against other opponents such as Alfonso VI of León and Castile.